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Johann Sebastian Bach

Bach (taswira ya 1748)

Johann Sebastian Bach (21 Machi 1685 hadi 28 Julai 1750) alikuwa mtungaji wa muziki na mpiga piano na kinanda cha filimbi kutoka nchi ya Ujerumani. Alitunga muziki za aina zote, iliyotumika kidini na kidunia. Alitunga muziki kwa kwaya, chombo kimoja cha muziki, na kundi la wanamuziki (okestra). Ingawa hakuunda mifumo mipya ya muziki, alitajirisha mitindo ya muziki kule Ujerumani; tena alitohoa mitindo ya muziki ya Kiitalia na ya Kifaransa.

Kichwa cha sehemu ya tatu ya mazoezi kwa kinanda (Clavier-Übung) yaliyotolewa chapa kabla Bach hajafa

MarejeoEdit

Utaalamu wa kisasaEdit

  • Butt J (ed), The Cambridge companion to Bach, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1997 (ISBN 0-521-58780-8)
A collection of writings on the historical context (society, beliefs and world view), profiles of his music, and influence and reception.
  • David HT, Mendel A (eds), revised and expanded by C Wolff, The new Bach reader, 2nd ed, New York, Norton, 1999 (ISBN 0-393-31956-3)
A significant repository of documentary evidence, including contemporary documents, some by Bach himself. This book includes an English translation of the biography of Bach, by the early 19th-century German musicologist Forkel.
A comprehensive and engaging account of Bach's life.
  • Williams P, The life of Bach, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2004 (ISBN 0-521-53374-0)
A shorter expose of the composer's life, using his obituary as the starting point; a valuable complement to Wolff's biography.
  • Stauffer G, J. S. Bach as organist: his instruments, music, and performance practices, Indiana University Press, 1999 (ISBN 0-253-21386-X) (paperback reprint of hardcover, 1986, ISBN 0-253-33181-1)
  • Boyd, Malcolm. Bach, Oxford University Press; 3rd ed. (2000) ISBN 0-19-514222-5

Utaalamu wa zamaniEdit

  • Schweitzer A, J. S. Bach, 2 vol, Dover, 1966, translated by Ernest Newman (ISBN 0-486-21631-4) (reprint of New York, Macmillan, 1955-1958)
  • Spitta P, Johann Sebastian Bach, his work and influence on the music of Germany, 1685-1750, London, Novello, 1884-85
An early, groundbreaking, three-volume study of Bach's life and music.
  • Forkel, Johann Nicolaus; On Johann Sebastian Bach's Life, Genius, and Works, (1802), translated by A. C. F. Kollmann (1820)

Masomo mengineEdit

Explores cognition, formal methods, logic and mathematics—particularly Gödel's incompleteness theorem—in the music of Bach, the art of MC Escher and other sources.

Marejeo ya njeEdit


Marejeo ya jumlaEdit

Maandishi ya muzikiEdit

Kurekodiwa kwa muzikiEdit

Mada maalumuEdit

Makundi ya wanamuziki wanaocheza muziki ya BachEdit