Tofauti kati ya marekesbisho "Justiniani I"

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[[image:Mosaic of Justinianus I - Basilica San Vitale (Ravenna).jpg|thumb|250px|Justiniani I anavyoonekana katika [[mozaiki]] ya wakati wake katika [[Basilika]] la [[San Vitale]], [[Ravenna]], [[Italia]].]]
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'''Justiniani I''' au '''Justiniani Mkuu''' ([[jina]] kamili kwa [[Kilatini]]: Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus; kwa [[Kigiriki]] Φλάβιος Πέτρος Σαββάτιος Ἰουστινιανός, Flávios Pétros Sabbátios Ioustinianós; [[Tauresium]], [[Dardania]],<ref>''Britannica Concise Encyclopedia'', Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2008, {{ISBN|1593394926}}, [https://books.google.com/books?id=ea-bAAAAQBAJ&pg=PA1007 p. 1007.]</ref> leo nchini [[Masedonia]]<ref>''History of the Later Roman Empire from Arcadius to Irene'', Volume 2, J. B. Bury, Cosimo, Inc., 2008, {{ISBN|1605204056}}, [https://books.google.com/books?id=wDIJNvWb48YC&pg=PA7 p. 7.]</ref> takriban [[482]] - [[Konstantinopoli]], leo nchini [[Uturuki]], [[14 Novemba]], [[565]]) alikuwa [[kaisari]] wa [[Dola la Bizanti]] kuanzia mwaka wa [[527]] hadi [[kifo]] chake.
'''Justiniani I''' (takriban [[482]] - [[14 Novemba]], [[565]]) alikuwa [[kaisari]] ya [[Dola la Bisanti]] kuanzia mwaka wa [[527]] hadi kifo chake. Huangaliwa kama [[mtakatifu]] na Wakristo [[Waorthodoksi]]. Mke wake na malkia wa Kibisanti aliitwa Theodora; aliaga dunia mwaka wa 548. Hawakuwa na watoto walioishi. Justiniani I alifuatwa kama kaisari na mpwa wake [[Justin II]].
 
Justiniani alijitahidi kurudisha [[Dola la Roma]] katika fahari yake ya zamani (''renovatio imperii'', yaani ''kufanya upya dola'') na kwa ajili hiyo alipigania [[Dola la Roma Magharibi|upande wa magharibi]] dhidi ya wavamizi. Hata hivyo alifaulu kiasi tu.<ref>J. F. Haldon, ''Byzantium in the seventh century'' (Cambridge, 2003), 17–19.</ref>
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[[Mke]] wake na [[malkia]] wa [[Bizanti]] aliitwa [[Theodora wa Bizanti|Theodora]]; aliaga [[dunia]] mwaka wa [[548]]. Hawakuwa na [[watoto]] walioishi. Hivyo Justiniani I alifuatwa kama kaisari na [[mpwa]] wake [[Justin II]].
 
Huheshimiwa na [[Wakristo]] [[Waorthodoksi]] na [[Walutheri]] kama [[mtakatifu]].
 
[[Sikukuu]] yake huadhimishwa tarehe 14 Novemba au [[27 Novemba]]<ref>In various Eastern Orthodox Churches, including the [[Orthodox Church in America]], Justinian and his empress Theodora are commemorated on the anniversary of his death, 14 November. Some denominations translate the [[Julian calendar]] date to 27 November on the [[Gregorian calendar]]. The [[Calendar of Saints (Lutheran)|Calendar of Saints]] of the [[Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod]] and the [[Lutheran Church–Canada]] also remember Justinian on November 14.</ref>.
 
==Tazama pia==
*[[Orodha ya Makaizari wa Roma]]
*[[Orodha ya Makaizari wa Byzantini]]
*[[Watakatifu wa Agano la Kale]]
*[[Orodha ya Watakatifu Wakristo]]
*[[Orodha ya Watakatifu Wafransisko]]
 
==Tanbihi==
{{Reflist|colwidth=30em}}
 
==Vyanzo==
* ''Procopii Caesariensis opera omnia''. Edited by J. Haury; revised by G. Wirth. 3 vols. Leipzig: [[Teubner]], 1962–64. Greek text.
*''Procopius''. Edited by H. B. Dewing. 7 vols. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press and London, Hutchinson, 1914–40. Greek text and English translation.
* Procopius, ''The Secret History'', translated by G.A. Williamson. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1966. A readable and accessible English translation of the ''Anecdota''.
* Elizabeth Jeffreys, Michael Jeffreys, Roger Scott et al. 1986, ''The Chronicle of John Malalas: A Translation'', Byzantina Australiensia 4 (Melbourne: Australian Association for Byzantine Studies) ISBN|0-9593626-2-2
* [[Edward Walford]], translator (1846) ''The Ecclesiastical History of Evagrius: A History of the Church from AD 431 to AD 594'', Reprinted 2008. Evolution Publishing, {{ISBN|978-1-889758-88-6}}.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.evolpub.com/CRE/CREseries.html#CRE5 |title=The Christian Roman Empire series |publisher=Evolpub.com |date= |accessdate=2012-11-14}}</ref>
 
== Marejeo mengine ==
* {{Cite book|ref=harv|last=Ostrogorsky|first=George|year=1956|title=History of the Byzantine State|url=https://books.google.rs/books?lr=&redir_esc=y&hl=sr&id=Bt0_AAAAYAAJ|publisher=Basil Blackwell|place=Oxford}}
* {{cite book|author=[[J. B. Bury|Bury, J. B.]]|date=1958|title=History of the later Roman Empire|volume=2|place=New York (reprint)}}
* {{Cite book|ref=harv|last=Meyendorff|first=John|author-link=John Meyendorff|year=1989|title=Imperial unity and Christian divisions: The Church 450-680 A.D.|series=The Church in history|volume=2|location=Crestwood, NY|publisher=St. Vladimir's Seminary Press|isbn=978-0-88-141056-3|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=6J_YAAAAMAAJ}}
* {{cite journal|last=Cameron|first=Averil et al.(eds.)|title=Justinian Era|journal=The Cambridge Ancient History|volume=14|edition=Second|place=Cambridge|date=2000}}
* {{cite book|last=Cumberland Jacobsen|first=Torsten|title=The Gothic War|publisher=Westholme|date=2009}}
* {{cite book|author=[[Pierson Dixon|Dixon, Pierson]]|date=1958|title=The Glittering Horn: Secret Memoirs of the Court of Justinian}}
* {{cite book|last=Evans|first=James Allan|title=The Emperor Justinian and the Byzantine Empire|place=Westport, CT|publisher=Greenwood Press|date=2005|isbn=0-313-32582-0}}
* {{cite book|last=Garland|first=Lynda|title=Byzantine empresses: women and power in Byzantium, AD 527–1204|place=London|publisher=Routledge|date=1999}}
* {{cite book|last=Maas|first=Michael (ed.)|title=The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Justinian|place=Cambridge|date=2005}}
* {{cite book|last=Meier|first=Mischa|title=Das andere Zeitalter Justinians. Kontingenz Erfahrung und Kontingenzbewältigung im 6. Jahrhundert n. Chr.|publisher=Gottingen|date=2003|language=german}}
* {{cite book|last=Meier|first=Mischa|title=Justinian. Herrschaft, Reich, und Religion|place=Munich|date=2004|language=german}}
* {{cite book|last=Moorhead|first=John|title=Justinian|place=London|date=1994}}
* {{cite book|last=Rosen|first=William|title=Justinian's Flea: Plague, Empire, and the Birth of Europe|publisher=Viking Adult|date=2007|isbn=978-0-670-03855-8}}
* {{cite book|last=Rubin|first=Berthold|date=1960|title=Das Zeitalter Iustinians|place=Berlin}} – German standard work; partially obsolete, but still useful.
* {{cite book|last=Sarris|first= Peter|title=Economy and society in the age of Justinian|place=Cambridge|date=2006}}
* {{cite book|last=Ure|first=PN|date=1951|title=Justinian and his Age|publisher=Penguin, Harmondsworth}}
* {{cite book|author=[[Alexander Vasiliev (historian)|Vasiliev, A. A.]]|title=History of the Byzantine Empire|ref=324–1453|edition=Second|publisher=Madison|date=1952}}
* {{cite journal|journal=[[Ancient Warfare (magazine)|Ancient Warfare]] |volume=IV|issue=3|date=Jun–Jul 2010|title=Justinian's fireman: Belisarius and the Byzantine empire|editors=Sidney Dean, [[Duncan Campbell (ancient historian)|Duncan B. Campbell]], Ian Hughes, Ross Cowan, Raffaele D'Amato, and Christopher Lillington-Martin}}
 
==Viungo vya nje==
{{Commons category|Iustinianus I}}
{{Wikisource|Author:Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Justinianus Augustus|Iustinianus I}}
*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=103301 St Justinian the Emperor] Orthodox Icon and Synaxarion (14 November)
*[http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/procop-anec.html The ''Anekdota'' ("Secret history") of Procopius in English translation.]
*[http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Procopius/Buildings/home.html The ''Buildings'' of Procopius in English translation.]
*[https://web.archive.org/web/20120831060912/http://web.upmf-grenoble.fr/Haiti/Cours/Ak/ ''The Roman Law Library'' by Professor Yves Lassard and Alexandr Koptev]
*[http://www.anders.com/lectures/lars_brownworth/12_byzantine_rulers/ Lecture series covering 12 Byzantine Rulers, including Justinian] – by Lars Brownworth
*[http://www.roman-emperors.org/justinia.htm De Imperatoribus Romanis. An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors]
*[http://www.byzantium1200.com/justinia.html Reconstruction of column of Justinian in Constantinople]
*[http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/30_20_0482-0565-_Flavius_Justinianus_Imperator.html Opera Omnia by Migne ''Patrologia Graeca'' with analytical indexes]
*[http://faculty.cua.edu/pennington/Law508/Roman%20Law/PrefacesDigest.htm Preface to the ''Digest'' of Emperor Justinian]
*[https://web.archive.org/web/20120311111356/http://uwacadweb.uwyo.edu/blume%26justinian/ Annotated Justinian Code (University of Wyoming website)]
*[http://www.pallasweb.com/deesis/constantine-justinian-hagia-sophia.html Mosaic of Justinian in Hagia Sophia)]
 
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[[Jamii:Waliozaliwa 482]]
[[Jamii:Waliofariki 565]]
[[Jamii:Makaizari wa Bizanti]]
[[Jamii:Makaizari wa Roma]]
[[Jamii:Watakatifu wa Masedonia]]