Tofauti kati ya marekesbisho "Mlipuko wa virusi vya corona 2019-20"

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[[FilePicha:COVID-19 Confirmed Cases Animated Map-outbreak-timeline.webmgif|alt=|thumb|230px230x230px|Mlipuko wa Virusi vya Korona Wuhan 2019-20duniani]]
'''Mlipuko wa Virusi vya Korona''' (kwa [[Kiingereza]]: ''Coronavirus'') ulibainika [[tarehe]] za katikati za mwezi Desemba [[mwaka]] [[2019]] katika [[mji]] wa [[Wuhan]], mkoa wa [[Hubei]], huko China ya kati. Ulikuwa ni kikundi cha watu walio na [[nimonia]] bila chanzo kinachoeleweka. Ulibanika hivi karibuni kama aina mpya ya [[Virusi vya corona|virusi vya korona]].<ref name="Hui14Jan2020">{{Cite journal|last=Hui|first=David S.|last2=Azhar|first2=Esam EI|last3=Madani|first3=Tariq A.|last4=Ntoumi|first4=Francine|last5=Kock|first5=Richard|last6=Dar|first6=Osman|last7=Ippolito|first7=Giuseppe|last8=Mchugh|first8=Timothy D.|last9=Memish|first9=Ziad A.|last10=Drosten|first10=Christian|last11=Zumla|first11=Alimuddin|date=14 January 2020|title=The continuing epidemic threat of novel coronaviruses to global health – the latest novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China|url=https://www.ijidonline.com/article/S1201-9712(20)30011-4/pdf |journal=International Journal of Infectious Diseases|language=English|volume=91|issue=|pages=264–266|doi=10.1016/j.ijid.2020.01.009|issn=1201-9712|via=}}</ref><ref name="promedmail">{{cite web|title=Undiagnosed pneumonia - China (HU) (01): wildlife sales, market closed, RFI Archive Number: 20200102.6866757|url=https://promedmail.org/promed-post/?id=6866757|website=Pro-MED-mail|publisher=International Society for Infectious Diseases|accessdate=13 January 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200122124653/https://promedmail.org/promed-post/?id=6866757|archive-date=22 January 2020|url-status=live}}</ref><ref name="Cohen17Jan2020">{{Cite journal|last=Cohen|first=Jon|last2=Normile|first2=Dennis|date=17 January 2020|title=New SARS-like virus in China triggers alarm|url=https://science.sciencemag.org/content/367/6475/234|journal=Science|language=en|volume=367|issue=6475|pages=234–235|doi=10.1126/science.367.6475.234|issn=0036-8075|pmid=31949058|via=|url-access=subscription|access-date=17 January 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200117100226/https://science.sciencemag.org/content/367/6475/234|archive-date=17 January 2020|url-status=live}}</ref><ref name="Parry20Jan2020">{{Cite journal|last=Parry|first=Jane|date=20 January 2020|title=China coronavirus: cases surge as official admits human to human transmission|url=https://www.bmj.com/content/368/bmj.m236|journal=British Medical Journal|volume=368|pages=|doi=10.1136/bmj.m236|issn=1756-1833|via=|url-access=subscription}}</ref>
 
[[Tarehe]] [[20 Januari]] [[2020]] [[Waziri Mkuu]] wa [[Uchina]] [[Li Keqiang]] alitoa wito wa kutia [[juhudi]] katika kukomesha na kudhibiti [[janga]] la nimonia lililosababishwa na virusi vya korona.<ref name="Premier urged">{{Cite web|url=https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202001/21/WS5e26556ca31012821727269c.html|title=Chinese premier stresses curbing viral pneumonia epidemic|location=[[Beijing]]|website=[[China Daily]]|publisher=[[Xinhua News Agency]]|date=21 January 2020|access-date=22 January 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200122124640/https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202001/21/WS5e26556ca31012821727269c.html|archive-date=22 January 2020|url-status=live}}</ref> Kufikia tarehe 523 FebruariMachi, 2020, kesi 24337,588000 zimethibitishwa,<ref>{{Cite web|title=Hali ilivyo kuhusu Corona duniani {{!}} DW {{!}} 23.03.2020|url=https://ncovwww.dxydw.cncom/ncovh5sw/viewhali-ilivyo-kuhusu-corona-duniani/pneumoniaa-52885838|titlework=全国新型肺炎疫情实时动态 – 丁香园·丁香医生DW.COM|websiteaccessdate=ncov.dxy.cn2020-03-23|accesslanguage=sw-dateTZ|author=3Deutsche FebruaryWelle 2020(www.dw.com)}}</ref> ikijumuisha kila mgawanyiko wa ngazi ya mkoa wa Uchina. Idadi kubwa ya watu wanaweza kuwa wameambukizwa, lakini hawakugunduliwa (haswa kesi kali).
 
== Chanzo cha mlipuko ==
[[Maambukizi]] ya kwanza ya ndani ya virusi hivi nje ya Uchina yalitokea [[Vietnam]] kati ya [[wanafamilia]],<ref name=scmp3048017>{{Cite web |url=https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/economics/article/3048017/china-coronavirus-vietnam-flags-likely-human-transmission-case |title=China coronavirus: 'family cluster' in Vietnam fuels concerns over human transmission |date=29 January 2020 |website=South China Morning Post |access-date=29 January 2020}}</ref> wakati maambukizi ya kwanza ya ndani ambayo hayakuhusisha [[familia]] yalitokea [[Ujerumani]], tarehe 22 Januari, wakati [[mwanamume]] mmoja wa Kijerumani alipata ugonjwa huo kutoka kwa mgeni wa [[China]] kwenye kikao cha [[biashara]].<ref name=dw52169007>{{Cite web |url=https://www.dw.com/en/germany-confirms-human-transmission-of-coronavirus/a-52169007 |title=Germany confirms human transmission of coronavirus |date=28 January 2020 |publisher=Deutsche Welle |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200128220039/https://www.dw.com/en/germany-confirms-human-transmission-of-coronavirus/a-52169007 |archive-date=28 January 2020 |access-date=29 January 2020}}</ref>
Visa vya kwanza viliripotiwa mjini Wuhan. Madaktari waliripoti nimonia ambayo haikuwa na kielelezo. Virusi vilivyosababisha nimonia hiyo, vinashukiwa kutokea soko la nyama<ref>{{Cite web|title=Coronavirus: All you need to know in 500 words|url=https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/china-coronavirus-500-words-200127065154334.html|work=www.aljazeera.com|accessdate=2020-03-23}}</ref>. Kisheria, ni halali kuuza [[wanyamapori]] katika masoko hayo nchini China. Kwa kawaida, virusi vinavyofanana na kirusi kilichogunduliwa huishi ndani ya [[popo]]. Wanasayansi waliochunguza [[jeni]] za kirusi kipya cha Korona, wanakisia kuwa [[Mageuko ya spishi|kilijibadilisha]] na kikaweza kuishi katika mwili wa binadamu na kusababisha ugonjwa<ref>{{Cite web|title=COVID-19 coronavirus epidemic has a natural origin|url=https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/03/200317175442.htm|work=ScienceDaily|accessdate=2020-03-23|language=en}}</ref>.
 
Kufikia tarehe 5 Februari 2020, vifo 493 vimetokana na virusi hivyo tangu kifo cha kwanza kilichothibitishwa Januari 9, na watu 990 waliopona. <ref name="QinNYT11Jan20202">{{Cite news |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/10/world/asia/china-virus-wuhan-death.html |title=China Reports First Death From New Virus |last=Qin |first=Amy |date=10 January 2020 |work=[[The New York Times]] |access-date=11 January 2020 |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200111020017/https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/10/world/asia/china-virus-wuhan-death.html |archive-date=11 January 2020 |last2=Hernández |first2=Javier C. |issn=0362-4331}}</ref> Kifo cha kwanza nje ya Uchina kiliripotiwa tarehe 1 Februari nchini [[Ufilipino]], kilikuwa ni kifo cha mwanamume wa Kichina mwenye [[umri]] wa miaka 44.
 
Kumekuwa na majaribio ambayo yameonyesha kesi zaidi ya 6000 zilizothibitishwa nchini Uchina, ambazo baadhi zao ni za [[wafanyakazi]] wa [[huduma ya afya]].<ref name="Field22Jan2020">{{Cite news|url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/nine-dead-as-chinese-coronavirus-spreads-despite-efforts-to-contain-it/2020/01/22/1eaade72-3c6d-11ea-afe2-090eb37b60b1_story.html|title=Nine dead as Chinese coronavirus spreads, despite efforts to contain it|last=Field|first=Field|date=22 January 2020|work=The Washington Post|access-date=22 January 2020|url-status=live}}</ref>
 
Kesi zilizothibitishwa pia zimeripotiwa huko [[Thailand]], [[Korea Kusini]], [[Japani]], [[Taiwani]], [[Makau]], [[Hong Kong]], [[Marekani]] ([[Everett]], [[Washington]] na [[Chicago]]),<ref name=Field22Jan2020/> [[Singapore]], <ref name="ST23Jan">{{cite web |last1=Goh |first1=Timothy |last2=Toh |first2=Ting Wei |title=Singapore confirms first case of Wuhan virus; second case likely |url=https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/health/singapore-confirms-first-case-of-wuhan-virus |website=The Straits Times |accessdate=23 January 2020 |date=23 January 2020}}</ref> Vietnam, [[Ufaransa]]<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/coronavirus-france-china-wuhan-virus-symptoms-outbreak-latest-a9301106.html|title=France confirms two cases of deadly coronavirus|date=2020-01-24|website=The Independent|language=en|access-date=2020-01-24}}</ref>, [[Italia]] na [[Nepali]].
 
[[Maambukizi]] ya kwanza ya ndani ya virusi hivi nje ya Uchina yalitokea [[Vietnam]] kati ya [[wanafamilia]],<ref name="scmp3048017">{{Cite web |url=https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/economics/article/3048017/china-coronavirus-vietnam-flags-likely-human-transmission-case |title=China coronavirus: 'family cluster' in Vietnam fuels concerns over human transmission |date=29 January 2020 |website=South China Morning Post |access-date=29 January 2020}}</ref> wakati maambukizi ya kwanza ya ndani ambayo hayakuhusisha [[familia]] yalitokea [[Ujerumani]], tarehe 22 Januari, wakati [[mwanamume]] mmoja wa Kijerumani alipata ugonjwa huo kutoka kwa mgeni wa [[China]] kwenye kikao cha [[biashara]].<ref name="dw52169007">{{Cite web |url=https://www.dw.com/en/germany-confirms-human-transmission-of-coronavirus/a-52169007 |title=Germany confirms human transmission of coronavirus |date=28 January 2020 |publisher=Deutsche Welle |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200128220039/https://www.dw.com/en/germany-confirms-human-transmission-of-coronavirus/a-52169007 |archive-date=28 January 2020 |access-date=29 January 2020}}</ref>
== Marejeo ==
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