Falsafa ya dini : Tofauti kati ya masahihisho

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'''Falsafa ya dini''' ni [[utafiti]] wa [[Falsafa|kifalsafa]] kuhusu mada na mawazo makuu ya [[dini]] mbalimbali.<ref name="SEP">{{Cite book |edition = Winter 2014 |title = Philosophy of Religion |url = http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2014/entries/philosophy-religion/ |date = 1 January 2014 |first = Charles |last = Taliaferro |editor-first = Edward N. |editor-last = Zalta}}</ref>
[[Picha:Saint Augustine by Philippe de Champaigne.jpg|thumb|[[Augustino wa Hippo]] alivyochorwa na [[Philippe de Champaigne]] (karne ya 17). Falsafa ya [[askofu]] huyo mwenye [[akili]] kubwa ajabu iliathiri sana [[Ukristo wa magharibi]] na [[ustaarabu]] wote uliotokana nao.]]
'''Falsafa ya dini''' ni [[falsafa]] inayofikiri na inayohamasisha [[watu]] kwa kuongozwa na [[imani]] ya [[dini]] fulani.
Majadiliano kuhusu mambo hayo yalianza zamani na kujitokeza katika [[maandishi]] ya kwanza ya [[wanafalsafa]] wa [[Ugiriki wa Kale]].
Inaweza kufanyika kwa kuzingatia [[ukweli]] unavyojulikana na [[akili]], lakini pia inaweza kufanyika kama chombo cha kushawishi watu waamini katika [[imani]] hiyo.
Utafiti huo unaenea kwa [[tawi|matawi]] mengine ya falsafa kama vile [[metafizikia]], [[epistemolojia]] na [[maadili]].<ref name="auto">Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, [http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/philosophy-religion/#FieSig "Philosophy of Religion."]</ref>
Kuna falsafa tofauti kwa kila dini kama vile:
*[[Falsafa ya Kihindu]]
Falsafa ya dini ni tofauti na [[falsafa ya kidini]] kwa kuwa inajadili masuala yanayohusu [[umbile]] la dini kwa jumla, si kuchunguza masuala yanayotokezwa na [[imani]] ya dini fulani. Hivyo inaweza kuchangiwa na watu wa dini yoyote na vilevile watu wasio na dini.<ref>
*[[Falsafa ya Kibuddha]]
{{cite book
*[[Falsafa ya Kijaini]]
|last= Evans|first= C. Stephen
*[[Falsafa ya Kiyahudi]]
|title= Philosophy of Religion: Thinking about Faith
*[[Falsafa ya Kikristo]]
|publisher= InterVarsity Press|year= 1985
*[[Falsafa ya Kiislamu]]
|pages= 16–17 |isbn= 978-0-87784-343-6
*[[Falsafa ya Kikalasinga]]
|url = https://books.google.com/books?id=bmSXjRVWAsMC
|quote = Philosophy of religion is not so much religious thinking as it is thinking ''about'' religion, a thinking which can be carried on by both religious and nonreligious persons.
== Marejeo==
|refs =
<!-- not used
<ref name=ref1>
{{Cite encyclopedia |first=Kai |last=Nielsen |author-link=Kai Nielsen (philosopher) |encyclopedia=[[Encyclopædia Britannica]] |title=Atheism |url = http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/40634/atheism |year=2010 |quote=Atheism, in general, the critique and denial of metaphysical beliefs in God or spiritual beings.... Instead of saying that an atheist is someone who believes that it is false or probably false that there is a God, a more adequate characterization of atheism consists in the more complex claim that to be an atheist is to be someone who rejects belief in God for the following reasons (which reason is stressed depends on how God is being conceived)... |access-date=9 April 2011 |ref=harv
<ref name=ref2>
{{Cite encyclopedia |title=Atheism |first=Paul |last=Edwards |author-link=Paul Edwards (philosopher) |publisher=MacMillan Reference USA (Gale)|editor=Donald M. Borchert |orig-year=1967 |year=2005 |edition=2nd |encyclopedia=[[Encyclopedia of Philosophy|The Encyclopedia of Philosophy]] |volume=Vol. 1 |page=359 |isbn=978-0-02-865780-6 |quote=On our definition, an 'atheist' is a person who rejects belief in God, regardless of whether or not his reason for the rejection is the claim that 'God exists' expresses a false proposition. People frequently adopt an attitude of rejection toward a position for reasons other than that it is a false proposition. It is common among contemporary philosophers, and indeed it was not uncommon in earlier centuries, to reject positions on the ground that they are meaningless. Sometimes, too, a theory is rejected on such grounds as that it is sterile or redundant or capricious, and there are many other considerations which in certain contexts are generally agreed to constitute good grounds for rejecting an assertion. |ref=harv}}(page 175 in 1967 edition)</ref> -->
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<ref name=RoweRoutledge>
{{cite encyclopedia
|url=https://books.google.com/?id=lnuwFH_M5o0C&pg=PA530&lpg=PA530&dq=atheism+routledge#v=onepage&q=atheism%20routledge&f=false |first=William L. |last=Rowe |authorlink=William L. Rowe |encyclopedia=[[Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy]] |title=Atheism |year=1998 |editor=Edward Craig | isbn=978-0-415-07310-3 | publisher=Taylor & Francis
|quote=As commonly understood, atheism is the position that affirms the nonexistence of God. So an atheist is someone who disbelieves in God, whereas a theist is someone who believes in God. Another meaning of "atheism" is simply nonbelief in the existence of God, rather than positive belief in the nonexistence of God. ...an atheist, in the broader sense of the term, is someone who disbelieves in every form of deity, not just the God of traditional Western theology.
| accessdate=2011-04-09
<ref name=religioustolerance>[[Religioustolerance.org]]'s short article on [http://www.religioustolerance.org/atheist4.htm Definitions of the term "Atheism"] suggests that there is no consensus on the definition of the term. [[Simon Blackburn]] summarizes the situation in [[The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy]]: "Atheism. Either the lack of belief in a god, or the belief that there is none". Most dictionaries (see the OneLook query for [http://www.onelook.com/?w=atheism&ls=a "atheism"]) first list one of the more narrow definitions.</ref>
<ref name="dagobert">
{{cite book |url = http://www.ditext.com/runes/a.html |title=Dictionary of Philosophy |editor-last=Runes |editor-first=Dagobert D. |editor-link=Dagobert D. Runes |year=1942 |publisher=Littlefield, Adams & Co. Philosophical Library |location=New Jersey |ISBN = 978-0-06-463461-8 |quote = (a) the belief that there is no God; (b) Some philosophers have been called "atheistic" because they have not held to a belief in a personal God. Atheism in this sense means "not theistic". The former meaning of the term is a literal rendering. The latter meaning is a less rigorous use of the term though widely current in the history of thought |access-date = 2011-04-09 }} – entry by [[Vergilius Ferm]]
<ref name="about_atheism_strong_weak">
{{cite web
|last=Cline |first=Austin |title = Strong Atheism vs. Weak Atheism: What's the Difference? |url = http://atheism.about.com/od/atheismquestions/a/strong_weak.htm |year=2006 |website = [[about.com]] |access-date=2011-04-09 }}
==Marejeo mengine==
*''Al-Nawawi Forty Hadiths and Commentary'', by Arabic Virtual Translation Center; (2010) ISBN 978-1-4563-6735-0 (Philosophy of Religion from an Islamic Point of View)
* The [http://www.ucl.ac.uk/philosophy/LPSG/ London Philosophy Study Guide] offers many suggestions on what to read, depending on the student's familiarity with the subject: [http://www.ucl.ac.uk/philosophy/LPSG/Religion.htm Philosophy of Religion]
* William L. Rowe, William J. Wainwright, ''Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings,'' Third Ed. (Florida: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1998)
* [http://www.journals.cambridge.org/res Religious Studies] is an international journal for the philosophy of religion. It is available online and in print and has a fully searchable online archive dating back to Issue 1 in 1965. It currently publishes four issues per year.
* Shokhin, Vladimir K., "The Pioneering Appearances of Philosophy of Religion in Europe: François Para du Phanjas on the Nature of Religion", Open Theology 2015, 1: 97-106. Open Access: http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/opth.2014.1.issue-1/opth-2014-0008/opth-2014-0008.xml?format=INT
*Yandell, Keith E. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION A contemporary introduction, Routledge, 2002.
==Viungo vya nje==
* [http://www.galilean-library.org/manuscript.php?postid=43793 An introduction to the Philosophy of Religion] by Paul Newall
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20170816093331/http://users.ox.ac.uk/~worc0337/phil_topics_religion.html Philosophy of Religion] Useful annotated index of religious philosophy topics
* [http://www.philosophyofreligion.info/ Philosophy of Religion .Info] Introductory articles on philosophical arguments for and against theism
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20080501062107/http://www.csu.edu.au/research/apra/ The Australasian Philosophy of Religion Association]
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20170603021953/http://philreligion.nd.edu/cpr-resources/introductory-articles-into-the-philosophy-of-religion/ Introductory Articles Into the Philosophy of Religion] from University of Notre Dame
* [http://www.livingphilosophy.org.uk/philosophy/David_Hume/on_Miracles.htm Hume on Miracles], commentary by Rev Dr Wally Shaw