Tofauti kati ya marekesbisho "Mwingiliano dhaifu"

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(Ukurasa ulianzishwa kwa kuandika 'Katika fizikia ya nyuklia na fizikia ya atomu, neno '''mwingiliano dhaifu''' ni mfumo unaowajibika kwa nguvu ya nyuklia, na ni mojawapo ya maingilia...')
 
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Katika [[fizikia ya nyuklia]] na [[fizikia ya atomu]], [[neno]] '''mwingiliano dhaifu''' ni mfumo unaowajibika kwa nguvu ya nyuklia, na ni mojawapo ya maingiliano manne ya msingi, mengine yakiwa ya umeme[[sumakuumeme]], [[mwingiliano madhubuti]], na [[mvuto]].
 
Katika anuwai ya [[m]] 10−15 (1 femtometer), nguvu kali ni takriban mara 137 na inakuwa na nguvu kama ''umeme'', mara milioni huwa na nguvu kama ''mwingiliano dhaifu'', na mara 1038 na nguvu kama ''mvuto'' <ref>[https://profmattstrassler.com/articles-and-posts/particle-physics-basics/the-known-forces-of-nature/the-strength-of-the-known-forces/]</ref>. Nguvu kubwa ya nyuklia inashikilia jambo la kawaida kwa pamoja kwa sababu inajumuisha chembechembe za atomu kama [[protoni]], [[elektroni]] na [[nyutroni]]. Kwa kuongezea, nguvu kali hufunga “''protoni''” na “''nyutroni''”  kuunda [[kiini]] [[kiini cha atomi|cha atomi]]. Zaidi ya wingi wa protoni ya kawaida au nyutroni ni matokeo ya nguvu ya shamba nguvu; ''quark'' yote hutoa 1% pekee ya wingi wa protoni.
 
== Historia ==
[[Nadharia]] ya mwingiliano dhaifu ilianzishwa na [[Enrico Fermi]] [[mwaka]] [[1933]].
 
Kabla ya [[miaka ya 1970]], [[wataalamu]] wa [[fizikia]] hawakuwa na hakika juu ya jinsi kiini cha atomi kilivyofungwa pamoja. Ilijulikana kuwa kiini kiliundwa na protoni na nyutroni na kwamba protoni zlikuwa na maingizo mazuri ya umeme, wakati nyutroni hazikua upande wa umeme. Kwa uelewa wa fizikia wakati huo, mashtaka mazuri yangekuwa yakirudisha mwenzake na protini zilizoshtakiwa vizuri zinapaswa kusababisha kiini kutengana. Walakini, hii haikuwahi kuzingatiwa. Fizikia mpya ilihitajika kuelezea jambo hili.
 
== Tanbihi ==
{{reflist}}
 
==Marejeo==
 
===Kwa wasomaji wa kawaida===
* {{Cite book
|author=R. Oerter
|year=2006
|title=The Theory of Almost Everything: The Standard Model, the Unsung Triumph of Modern Physics
|publisher=[[Plume (publisher)|Plume]]
|isbn=978-0-13-236678-6
|url-access=registration
|url=https://archive.org/details/theoryofalmostev0000oert
}}
* {{Cite book
|author=B.A. Schumm
|year=2004
|title=Deep Down Things: The Breathtaking Beauty of Particle Physics
|publisher=[[Johns Hopkins University Press]]
|isbn=0-8018-7971-X
|url-access=registration
|url=https://archive.org/details/deepdownthingsbr00schu
}}
 
===Vitabu===
* {{Cite book
| author1=Walter Greiner | author2=B. Müller
| year=2000
| title=Gauge Theory of Weak Interactions
| publisher=Springer
| isbn=3-540-67672-4
| author1-link=Walter Greiner
}}
* {{Cite book
|author1=G.D. Coughlan |author2=J.E. Dodd |author3=B.M. Gripaios |year=2006
|title=The Ideas of Particle Physics: An Introduction for Scientists
|edition=3rd
|publisher=Cambridge University Press
|isbn=978-0-521-67775-2
}}
* {{Cite book
| author1=W.N. Cottingham
| author2=D.A. Greenwood
| title=An introduction to nuclear physics
| publisher=Cambridge University Press
| origyear=1986
| year=2001
| edition=2nd
| page=30
| isbn=978-0-521-65733-4
| url=https://books.google.com/books?id=0VIpJPn-qWoC&pg=PA30
}}
* {{Cite book
| author=D.J. Griffiths
| year=1987
| title=Introduction to Elementary Particles
| publisher=John Wiley & Sons
| isbn=0-471-60386-4
}}
* {{Cite book
| author=G.L. Kane
| year=1987
| title=Modern Elementary Particle Physics
| publisher=[[Perseus Books]]
| isbn=0-201-11749-5
}}
* {{Cite book
| author=D.H. Perkins
| year=2000
| title=Introduction to High Energy Physics
| publisher=Cambridge University Press
| isbn=0-521-62196-8
}}
 
== Viungo vya nje ==
{{wikiquote}}
* Harry Cheung, [http://home.fnal.gov/~cheung/rtes/RTESWeb/LQCD_site/pages/weakforce.htm The Weak Force] @[http://fnal.gov/ Fermilab]
* [http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Forces/funfor.html Fundamental Forces] @[http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/index.html Hyperphysics], Georgia State University.
* [https://briankoberlein.com/ Brian Koberlein], [https://briankoberlein.com/2015/03/01/light-of-other-days/ What is the weak force?]
[[Jamii:Fizikia]]