Tofauti kati ya marekesbisho "Ukeketaji"

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==Marejeo==
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{{refend}}
 
{{Commons category|Female genital mutilation}}
;===Hoja===
{{refbeginRefbegin|normalfont=yes|indent=yes}}
: [http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/ "Factsheet on FGM"], World Health Organization, February 2013.
: British [[National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children]] 24-hour national helpline for children at risk of FGM: 0800 028 3550
: [http://www.forwarduk.org.uk/about FORWARD], London, charity specializing in FGM research (FORWARD's list of [http://www.forwarduk.org.uk/resources/support/well-woman-clinics hospitals and clinics in the UK offering specialist FGM services] {{Wayback|url=http://www.forwarduk.org.uk/resources/support/well-woman-clinics |date=20140328211318 }}).
: [http://www.desertflowerfoundation.org/ Desert Flower Foundation] ([http://www.desertflowerfoundation.org/en/first-desert-flower-center-opens-in-berlin/ "First Desert Flower Center opens in Berlin"] {{Wayback|url=http://www.desertflowerfoundation.org/en/first-desert-flower-center-opens-in-berlin/ |date=20140129220055 }}, 16 September 2013, first dedicated FGM clinic in Europe).
: [http://www.kinseyinstitute.org/library/Pdf/CIRCUMCISION,%20FEMALE1960-1980.pdf "Circumcision, female"] {{Wayback|url=http://www.kinseyinstitute.org/library/Pdf/CIRCUMCISION,%20FEMALE1960-1980.pdf |date=20150702080920 }}, The Kinsey Institute (bibliography 1960s–1980s).
: Westley, David M. [http://ir.uiowa.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=ejab "Female circumcision and infibulation in Africa"], ''Electronic Journal of Africana Bibliography'', 4, 1999 (bibliography up to 1997).
: ''The Guardian''. [http://www.theguardian.com/society/female-genital-mutilation FGM archive].
: ''The Guardian''. [http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/interactive/2013/jul/22/female-genital-mutilation-interactive "The facts about female genital mutilation – interactive"], interactive display showing facts and figures from UNICEF, 22 July 2013.
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;===Vitabu, makala===
{{refbeginRefbegin|normalfont=yes|indent=yes}}
: [[Felix Bryk|Bryk, Felix]]. ''Circumcision in Man and Woman: Its History, Psychology, and Ethnology'', The Minerva Group, Inc., 2001, first published 1934.
: CNN. [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qXM0CVBQltI Report on FGM in Egypt], February 2009.
: Cullen-Dupont, Kathryn. "Female genital mutilation," ''Encyclopedia of Women's History in America'', Da Capo Press, 1998, p. [http://books.google.com/books?id=oIro7MtiFuYC&pg=PA85 85].
: [[Efua Dorkenoo|Dorkenoo, Efua]]. "Combating Female Genital Mutilation: An Agenda for the Next Decade," in Mona Eliasson (ed.). ''Teaching about Violence Against Women'', Feminist Press at CUNY, 1999.
: Dorkenoo, Efua. "Cutting the Rose: Female Genital Mutilation, the Practice and its Prevention'', Minority Rights Group, 1994.
: [[David Gollaher|Gollaher, David]]. "Female circumcision," ''Circumcision: A History of the World's Most Controversial Surgery'', Basic Books, 2000, p. [http://books.google.com/books?id=usEzSffvPBMC&pg=PA187 187ff].
: Kouba, Leonard J. and Muasher, Judith. [http://www.jstor.org/stable/524569 "Female Circumcision in Africa: An Overview"], ''African Studies Review'', 28(1), March 1985, pp. 95–110.
: Sanderson, Lillian Passmore. ''Against the Mutilation of Women: The Struggle to End Unnecessary Suffering'', Ithaca Press, 1981.
: [[Ousmane Sembène|Sembène, Ousmane]]. ''[[Moolaadé]]'', 2004, a film about abandoning FGM.
: Sinclair, Stephanie. [http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2008/01/20/magazine/20080120_CIRCUMCISION_SLIDESHOW_index.html "Inside a Female-Circumcision Ceremony"], ''The New York Times'' magazine, April 2006, slideshow of images from Indonesia ([http://www-nc.nytimes.com/2008/01/20/magazine/20circumcision-t.html article]).
: UNICEF. [http://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/pdf/fgm_insight_eng.pdf "Towards the abandonment of female genital mutilation in five African countries"], October 2010.
: Yoder, P. Stanley; Noureddine, Abderrahim; Arlinda, Zhuzhuni. [http://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/CR7/CR7.pdf "Female Genital Cutting in the Demographic and Health Surveys: A Critical and Comparative Analysis"], DHS Comparative Reports No. 7, 2004.
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;===Habari za maisha ya watu===
{{refbeginRefbegin|normalfont=yes|indent=yes}}
: [[Ayaan Hirsi Ali|Ali, Ayaan Hirsi]]. ''[[Infidel: My Life]]'', Simon & Schuster, 2007: Ali experiences FGM at the hands of her grandmother.
: [[Waris Dirie|Dirie, Waris]]. ''[[Desert Flower]]'', Harper Perennial, 1999: autobiographical novel.
: Dirie, Waris. ''Desert Dawn'', Little, Brown, 2003: Dirie's work as UN Special Ambassador against FGM.
: Dirie, Waris. ''Desert Children'', Virago, 2007: FGM in Europe
: [[Fauziya Kassindja|Kasinga, Fauziya]], and [[Layli Miller-Muro|Bashir, Layli Miller]]. ''Do They Hear You When You Cry'', Delacorte Press, 1998.
: [[Nawal El Saadawi|El Saadawi, Nawal]]. ''[[Woman at Point Zero]]'', Zed Books, 1975.
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[[Category:Afya]]
 
[[CategoryJamii:Afya]]
[[Jamii:Utamaduni]]
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