Tofauti kati ya marekesbisho "Orodha ya Marais wa Marekani"

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(Ukurasa umeelekezwa kwenda Orodha ya Marais Wa Marekani)
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[[File:WhiteHouseSouthFacade.JPG|thumb|300px|Ikulu ya [[White House]], makazi rasmi ya rais wa Marekani]]
#REDIRECT [[Orodha ya Marais Wa Marekani]]
 
Katika [[Katiba ya Marekani]], [[Rais wa Marekani]] ni [[Mkuu wa Taifa]] pamoja na kuwa [[Mkuu wa Serikali]] wa nchi hiyo. Kama mkuu wa tawi la utendaji na mkuu wa serikali ya majimbo, rais ndiye mwenye cheo na madaraka makuu zaidi katika nchi ya Marekani.
Rais pia ndiye [[Amiri Jeshi Mkuu]] wa [[Majeshi ya Marekani]]. Kuchaguliwa kwa rais wa Marekani ni kupitia mfumo wa [[kura za wajumbe]], ambapo rais huchaguliwa kwa muhula wa miaka minne. Inawezekana pia kwamba rais achaguliwe kupitia katika Bunge Dogo la Wajumbe (US House of Representatives), ikiwa kongamano la wajumbe halikuweza kumchagua rais kwa kumpa mgombea mmoa kura nyingi kuliko mwingine yeyote. Kulingana na Katiba ya Marekani, mtu yeyote hawezi kuchaguliwa kuwa rais wa nchi hiyo zaidi ya mara mbili.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendments_11-27.html|title=The Constitution: Amendments 11–27|publisher=[[National Archives and Records Administration|U.S. National Archives & Records Administration]]|accessdate=2008-10-01}}</ref> Kukitokea kifo, kujiuzulu au kuondelewa mamlakani kwa rais, [[Makamu wa Rais wa Marekani]] atachukulia kiti cha rais. Orodha hii inajumulisha tu wale watu ambao waliapishwa kama rais kufuatia kupitishwa ka [[Katiba ya Marekani]] hapo Machi 4, 1789.
 
Kumeapishwa marais 43, na kumekuwa na marais 44, kwa sababu rais [[Grover Cleveland]] alihudumu mihula miwili isiyofuatana, na kwa hivi anahesabiwa mara mbili, kama rais nambari 22 na nambari 24. Marais wanne walifariki kawaida wakiwa mamlakani ([[William Henry Harrison]], [[Zachary Taylor]], [[Warren G. Harding]], na [[Franklin D. Roosevelt]]), mmoja akajiuzulu ([[Richard Nixon]]), na wane wakauawa ([[Abraham Lincoln]], [[James A. Garfield]], [[William McKinley]], na [[John F. Kennedy]]). Rais wa kwanza wa Marekani alikuwa [[George Washington]], aliyeapishwa [[1789]] bada ya kupigiwa kura na wajumbe wote katika kongamano. William Henry Harrison alihudumu kwa muda wa siku 31 pekee, mwaka 1841, naye Franklin D. Roosevelt akahudumu kwa muda mrefu zaidi kuliko wote, miaka 12. Rais wa sasa in [[Barack Obama]], aliyeapishwa Januari 20, [[2009]].
 
==Marais==
 
{| class="wikitable" cellpadding=2 cellspacing=2 class="sortable"
|- bgcolor=#cccccc
! Namba !! Jina la Rais !! !! Kipindi cha utawala !! Chama !! Jimbo la kuzaliwa !! Makamu wa Rais
|-
|align=center| 1 || [[George Washington]]
|| [[Picha:Gilbert_Stuart_Williamstown_Portrait_of_George_Washington.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1789]] - [[1797]] || Independant || [[Virginia]] || [[John Adams]]
|- bgcolor=#E6E6AA
|align=center| 2 || [[John Adams]]
|| [[Picha:Johnadamsvp.flipped.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1797]] - [[1801]] || Federalist || [[Massachusetts]] || [[Thomas Jefferson]]
|- bgcolor=#CCFFCC
|align=center| 3 || [[Thomas Jefferson]]
|| [[Picha:Thomas Jefferson rev.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1801]] - [[1809]] || Republican (Jeffersonian)|| [[Virginia]] || [[Aaron Burr]] | [[George Clinton]]
|- bgcolor=#CCFFCC
|align=center| 4 || [[James Madison]]
|| [[Picha:Jm4.gif|50px]]
|| [[1809]] - [[1817]] || Republican (Jeffersonian) || [[Virginia]]|| George Clinton | [[Elbridge Gerry]]
|- bgcolor=#CCFFCC
|align=center| 5 || [[James Monroe]]
|| [[Picha:Jamesmonroe-npgallery.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1817]] - [[1825]] || Republican (Jeffersonian) || [[Virginia]]|| [[Daniel Tompkins]]
|- bgcolor=#CCFFCC
|align=center| 6 || [[John Quincy Adams]]
|| [[Picha:John Quincy Adams.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1825]] - [[1829]] || National Republican || [[Massachusetts]]|| [[John Calhoun]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 7 || [[Andrew Jackson]]
|| [[Picha:Andrew jackson head.gif|50px]]
|| [[1829]] - [[1837]] || Democratic || [[South Carolina]]|| [[John Calhoun]] | [[Martin Van Buren]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 8 || [[Martin Van Buren]]
|| [[Picha:Martin Van Buren.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1837]] - [[1841]] || Democratic || [[New York]] || [[Richard Mentor Johnson]]
|- bgcolor=#FFFFCC
|align=center| 9 || [[William Harrison]]
|| [[Picha:William Henry Harrison.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1841]]* || Whig || [[Virginia]] || [[John Tyler]]
|- bgcolor=#FFFFCC
|align=center| 10 || [[John Tyler]]
|| [[Picha:John Tyler.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1841]] - [[1845]] || Whig || [[Virginia]] ||
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 11 || [[James Polk]]
|| [[Picha:Polkpolk.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1845]] - [[1849]] || Democrat || [[North Carolina]] || [[George Dallas]]
|- bgcolor=#FFFFCC
|align=center| 12 || [[Zachary Taylor]]
|| [[Picha:Zachary Taylor 2.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1849]] - [[1850]]* || Whig || [[Virginia]] || [[Millard Fillmore]]
|- bgcolor=#FFFFCC
|align=center| 13 || [[Millard Fillmore]]
|| [[Picha:Millard Fillmore.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1850]] - [[1853]] || Whig || [[New York]] ||
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 14 || [[Franklin Pierce]]
|| [[Picha:Franklin Pierce.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1853]] - [[1857]] || Democrat || [[New Hampshire]] || [[William King]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 15 || [[James Buchanan]]
|| [[Picha:James Buchanan.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1857]] - [[1861]] || Democrat || [[Pennsylvania]] || [[John Breckinridge]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 16 || [[Abraham Lincoln]]
|| [[Picha:Abraham Lincoln head on shoulders photo portrait.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1861]] - [[1865]]* || Republican || [[Kentucky]] || [[Hannibal Hamlin]] | [[Andrew Johnson]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 17 || [[Andrew Johnson]]
|| [[Picha:Andrew Johnson.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1865]] - [[1869]] || Democrat || [[North Carolina]] ||
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 18 || [[Ulysses Grant]]
|| [[Picha:Ulysses Grant 1870-1880.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1869]] - [[1877]] || Republican || [[Ohio]] || [[Schuyler Colfax]] | [[Henry Wilson]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 19 || [[Rutherford Hayes]]
|| [[Picha:President Rutherford Hayes 1870 - 1880.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1877]] - [[1881]] || Republican || [[Ohio]] || [[William Wheeler]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 20 || [[James Garfield]]
|| [[Picha:James a garfield illustration.3.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1881]] - [[1881]]* || Republican || [[Ohio]] || [[Chester Arthur]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 21 || [[Chester Arthur]]
|| [[Picha:Chester a arthur illustration.3.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1881]] - [[1885]] || Republican || [[Vermont]] ||
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 22 || [[Grover Cleveland]]
|| [[Picha:President Grover Cleveland.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1885]] - [[1889]] || Democrat || [[New Jersey]] || [[Thomas Hendricks]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 23 || [[Benjamin Harrison]]
|| [[Picha:Benjamin harrison.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1889]] - [[1893]] || Republican || [[Ohio]] || [[Levi Morton]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 24 || [[Grover Cleveland]]
|| [[Picha:President Grover Cleveland.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1893]] - [[1897]] || Democrat || [[New Jersey]] || [[Adlai Stevenson]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 25 || [[William McKinley]]
|| [[Picha:Mckinley.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1897]] - [[1901]]* || Republican || [[Ohio]] || [[Garret Hobart]] | [[Theodore Roosevelt]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 26 || [[Theodore Roosevelt]]
|| [[Picha:T Roosevelt.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1901]] - [[1909]] || Republican || [[New York]] || [[Charles Fairbanks]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 27 || [[William Howard Taft]]
|| [[Picha:William Howard Taft.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1909]] - [[1913]] || Republican || [[Ohio]] || [[James Sherman]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 28 || [[Woodrow Wilson]]
|| [[Picha:Wilson.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1913]] - [[1921]] || Democrat || [[Virginia]] || [[Thomas Marshall]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 29 || [[Warren Harding]]
|| [[Picha:Warren G Harding portrait as senator June 1920.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1921]] - [[1923]] || Republican || [[Ohio]] || [[Calvin Coolidge]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 30 || [[Calvin Coolidge]]
|| [[Picha:Calvin Coolidge photo portrait head and shoulders.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1923]] - [[1929]] || Republican || [[Vermont]] || [[Charles Dawes]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 31 || [[Herbert Hoover]]
|| [[Picha:HerbertHoover.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1929]] - [[1933]] || Republican || [[Iowa]] || [[Charles Curtis]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 32 || [[Franklin Roosevelt]]
|| [[Picha:FDR in 1933.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1933]] - [[1945]]* || Democrat || [[New York]] || [[John Garner]] | [[Henry Wallace]] | [[Harry Truman]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 33 || [[Harry Truman]]
|| [[Picha:Harry-truman.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1945]] - [[1953]] || Democrat || [[Missouri]] || [[Alben Barkley]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 34 || [[Dwight Eisenhower]]
|| [[Picha:Eisenhower official.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1953]] - [[1961]] || Republican || [[Texas]] || [[Richard Nixon]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 35 || [[John Kennedy]]
|| [[Picha:John F Kennedy.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1961]] - [[1963]]* || Democrat || [[Massachusetts]] || [[Lyndon Johnson]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 36 || [[Lyndon Johnson]]
|| [[Picha:Lbj2.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1963]] - [[1969]] || Democrat || [[Texas]] || [[Hubert Humphrey]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 37 || [[Richard Nixon]]
|| [[Picha:Nixon_30-0316a.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1969]] - [[1974]]** || Republican || [[California]] || [[Spiro Agnew]] | [[Gerald Ford]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 38 || [[Gerald Ford]]
|| [[Picha:Gerald R. Ford, Official White House photograph 1974 (2).jpg|50px]]
|| [[1974]] - [[1977]] || Republican || [[Nebraska]] || [[Nelson Rockefeller]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 39 || [[Jimmy Carter]]
|| [[Picha:Jimmy Carter.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1977]] - [[1981]] || Democrat || [[Georgia]] || [[Walter Mondale]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 40 || [[Ronald Reagan]]
|| [[Picha:Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1981]] - [[1989]] || Republican || [[Illinois]] || [[George H. W. Bush]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 41 || [[George H. W. Bush]]
|| [[Picha:George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1989]] - [[1993]] || Republican || [[Massachusetts]] || [[Dan Quayle]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 42 || [[Bill Clinton]]
|| [[Picha:Bill Clinton.jpg|50px]]
|| [[1993]] - [[2001]] || Democrat || [[Arkansas]] || [[Al Gore]]
|- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|align=center| 43 || [[George W. Bush]]
|| [[Picha:George-W-Bush.jpeg|50px]]
|| [[2001]] - [[2009]] || Republican || [[Connecticut]] || [[Dick Cheney]]
|- bgcolor=#DDEEFF
|align=center| 44 || [[Barack Obama]]
|| [[Picha:BarackObama2005portrait.jpg|50px]]
|| tangu [[2009]] || Democrat || [[Hawaii]] || [[Joe Biden]]
|}
'*' maana yake, amefariki madarakani
 
'**' maana yake, amejiuzulu madarakani
 
==Marejeo==
{{reflist}}
 
==Viungo vya Nje==
* [http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/ Whitehouse.gov: The Presidents]
* [http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/ American Heritage People: The Presidents]
* [http://www.history.com/genericContent.do?id=53504 American Presidents – History Channel]
* [http://www.americanpresidents.org/ American Presidents: Life Portraits]
* [http://www.gvsu.edu/hauenstein/ The Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies] – [[Grand Valley State University]]
* [http://www.ipl.org/div/potus/ POTUS: Presidents of the United States] – [[Internet Public Library]]
 
[[Jamii:Marais wa Marekani| ]]
 
[[frp:Lista des prèsidents des Ètats-Unis d’Amèrica]]
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