Tofauti kati ya marekesbisho "Mtumiaji:Rberetta/mpya"

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'''Palahala pembe-nne''' ni palahala mdogo wa [[spishi]] ''Tetracerus quadricornis'' katika [[Familia (biolojia)|familia]] Bovidae, anayeishi msituni wazi kwa [[Uhindi]] na [[Nepal]]. Huyo ndiye mnyama pekee katika jenasi ''Tetracerus''. Akiwa na kimo cha sm 55–64 tu mabegani, huyo ni mnyama mdogo kabisa katika familia Bovidae. Madume wa spishi hiyo ndio wa pekee miongoni mwa mamalia wote kwa sababukuwa wana pembe nne za kudumu.
 
== Maelezo ==
[[Picha:Vierhornantilope.jpg|thumb|left|Palahala pembe-nne wa kike]]
 
Palahala pembe-nne ni miongoni mwa wanyama wadogo zaidi wa familia bovidae wa Asia, akiwa na kimo cha sm 55–64 tu mabegani, na uzito wa kilo 17–22. Ana umbo dogo wenye miguu myembamba na mkia mfupi. Manyoya yake ni kahawia au kahawianyekundu, yakibadili kuwa meupe katika sehemu za ndani za miguu. Mchirizi mweusi wa nywele upo nje ya kila mguu, na ana maeneo meusi puani na sehemu za nyuma za masikio. Majike wana matiti manne, yaliyopo nyuma katika fumbatio.<ref name=Leslie2009/>
Palahala pembe-nne is among the smallest Asian bovids, standing just {{convert|55|to|64|cm|abbr=on}} tall at the shoulder, and weighing {{convert|17|to|22|kg|abbr=on}}. It has a generally slender build, with thin legs and a short tail. The coat is yellow-brown or reddish, fading to a whitish colour on the underparts and the insides of the legs. A black stripe of hair runs down the anterior surface of each leg, with black patches on the muzzle and the backs of the ears. Females have four teats, located far back on the abdomen.<ref name=Leslie2009/>
 
Kipengele cha mnyama huyo kisicho cha kawaida ni kuwepo kwa pembe nne; kipengele cha pekee miongoni mwa wanyama hai. Madume tu wana pembe, kwa kawaida wakiwa na pembe mbili kati ya masikio na mbili zaidi mbele yao pajini. Pembe za kwanza hutokea alipo na umri wa miezi michache tu, na za pili hutokea baada ya miezi 10 au 14. Pembe hizo haziambuliwi kamwe, ingawa labda zitadhuriwa wakati wa kupigana. Madume wazima wengine hawana pembe; hasa kwa nususpishi ''T. q. subquadricornis'' jozi ya pembe za mbele hazipo, au zipo kama nundu ndogo bila nywele. Jozi ya pembe za nyuma hufika urefu wa sm 7–10, huku jozi ya mbele ni kwa kawaida ndogo zaidi, sm 2–5 tu.<ref name=Leslie2009/>
The most distinctive feature of the animal is the presence of four horns; a feature unique among extant mammals. Only the males grow horns, usually with two between the ears and a second pair further forward on the forehead. The first pair of horns appear at just a few months of age, and the second pair generally grow after 10 to 14 months. The horns are never shed, although they may be damaged during fights. Not all adult males have horns; in some individuals, especially those belonging to the subspecies ''T. q. subquadricornis'', the forward pair of horns is absent or represented only by small, hairless bumps. The hind pair of horns reaches {{convert|7|to|10|cm|abbr=on}} in length, while the forward pair is usually smaller, at just {{convert|2|to|5|cm|abbr=on}}.<ref name=Leslie2009/>
 
== Usambazaji na makazi ==
[[Picha:Tetracerus quadricornis map.png|thumb|Usambazaji wa palahala pembe-nne]]
MostPalahala wild fourpembe-hornednne wengi antelopesana arewa foundpori inwapo [[IndiaUhindi]], withna small,makundi ya isolatedwanyama populationswachache inyapo [[Nepal]]. TheirUsambazaji rangewao extendshuenea southkusini ofya thetambarare ya [[Ganges|Gangetic]] plainsmpaka downjimbo to the state ofla [[Tamil Nadu]], andna eastmashariki as far asmpaka [[Odisha]]. TheyWapo alsopia occurkatika inHifadhi theya [[GirTaifa Forestya NationalMsitu Park]]wa Gir, ya ofUhindi westernya Indiamagharibi.<ref name=iucn/><ref name=Leslie2009/>
 
FourPalahala pembe-hornednne antelopehuishi livekatika inmakazi ambalimbali varietymahali ofkokote habitatsndani acrossya theirusambazaji rangewao, butlakini preferhupendelea openmisitu wazi,<ref name=Krishna2008/><ref name=Krishna2009/> drymikavu, deciduousya forestskupukutika inmajani hilly terrainmilimani. TheyPalahala tendpembe-nne tohubaki remainkatika inmaeneo areasyenye withuoto significantmwingi vegetationwa covermanyasi frommarefu tallau grassesvichaka or heavy undergrowthvizito, andna closekaribu tona a supply of watermaji. TheyWao generallyhukaa staymbali awayna frommaeneo human-inhabitedya areasbinadamu.<ref name=Leslie2009/> PredatorsWanyama ofwawawindao fourpalahala pembe-hornednne antelopesni includepamoja na [[tigerchui milia]]s,<ref name=Biswas2006/> [[leopardchui]]s, andna [[dhole]]s (mbwa pori wa Uhindi).<ref name=Karanth1992/>
 
== Mwenendo ==
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