Tofauti kati ya marekesbisho "Mtumiaji:Rberetta/mpya"

21 bytes removed ,  miaka 6 iliyopita
Kazi
(Kazi)
(Kazi)
== Usambazaji na makazi ==
[[Picha:Tetracerus quadricornis map.png|thumb|Usambazaji wa palahala pembe-nne]]
 
Palahala pembe-nne wengi sana wa pori wapo [[Uhindi]], na makundi ya wanyama wachache yapo [[Nepal]]. Usambazaji wao huenea kusini ya tambarare ya [[Ganges|Gangetic]] mpaka jimbo la [[Tamil Nadu]], na mashariki mpaka [[Odisha]]. Wapo pia katika Hifadhi ya Taifa ya Msitu wa Gir, ya Uhindi ya magharibi.<ref name=iucn/><ref name=Leslie2009/>
 
Palahala pembe-nne huishi katika makazi mbalimbali mahali kokote ndani ya usambazaji wao, lakini hupendelea misitu wazi,<ref name=Krishna2008/><ref name=Krishna2009/> mikavu, na ya kupukutika majani milimani. Palahala pembe-nne hubaki katika maeneo yenye uoto mwingi wa manyasi marefu au vichaka vizito, na karibu na maji. Wao hukaa mbali na maeneo ya binadamu.<ref name=Leslie2009/> Wanyama wawawindao palahala pembe-nne ni pamoja na [[chui milia]],<ref name=Biswas2006/> [[chui]], na [[dhole]] (mbwa pori wa Uhindi).<ref name=Karanth1992/>
 
== Mwenendo ==
Palahala pembe-nne kwa kawaida ni wanyama wa upweke, ingawa mara chache wako katika makundi ya hadi wanne. Wao hupendelea kukaakaa, badala ya kuhamahama, na mara nyingi watakinga eneo lao kuwawekea wenyewe hilo. Madume huweza kuwa wagomvi kwa madume wengine wakati misimu ya kupandana. Wanyama wazima hufanya mlio wa kugutusha ulio na sauti kama "froank", na sauti nyingine zilizo tulivu zaidi kuwasiliana na watoto au wazima wengine. Wawasiliana pia kutumia harufu, wakiacha chungu za kinyesi barani mwao na kutia alama uoto kutumia tezi za harufu zilozopo mbele ya macho yao.<ref name=Leslie2009/>
Four-horned antelope are generally solitary animals, although they are occasionally found in groups of up to four individuals. They are sedentary, rather than nomadic, and may defend exclusive [[territory (animal)|territories]]. Males tend to become very aggressive towards other males during mating seasons. Adults make alarm calls that sound like a husky 'phronk', and other, quieter calls to communicate with young or other adults. They also communicate through [[scent marking]], leaving piles of droppings in their territories, and marking vegetation using large scent glands in front of the eyes.<ref name=Leslie2009/>
 
They are herbivorous, feeding on soft leaves, fruits, and flowers. Although the precise details of their diets in the wild are unknown, they have been observed to prefer plants such as [[Ziziphus mauritiana|Indian plum]], [[Phyllanthus emblica|Indian gooseberry]], ''[[Bauhinia]]'', and ''[[Acacia]]'' in artificial trials.<ref name=Leslie2009/>
477

edits