Tofauti kati ya marekesbisho "Mtumiaji:Rberetta/mpya"

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'''Lama''' ni mnyama wa kufugwa wa [[spishi]] ''Lama glama'' katika [[Familia (biolojia)|familia]] Camelidae, anayeishi [[Amerika Kusini]]. Lama ametumiwa kwa upana kwana nyamawatu yakewa namilima kubeba mizigo naya [[Inca empire|Andean culturesAndes]] sincetangu [[pre-Hispanic]]kabla timesya historia, kwa nyama yake na kubeba mizigo.
 
== Maelezo ==
[[Picha:Domestic llama (2009-05-19).jpg|thumb|left|Lama wa kufugwa]]
 
Lama mzima ana kimo cha mita 1.7–1.8 juu ya kichwa, na uzito wa kilo 130–200. Wakati wa kuzaliwa, lama mchanga ana uzito wa kilo 9 hadi 14. Kwa kawaida, lama wanaishi miaka 15–25, na lama wengine wamejulikana kuishi zaidi ya miaka 30.<ref name=Characteristics/><ref name=Facts/><ref name=FAQ/>
OLD: Akiwa na kimo cha sm 55–64 tu mabegani, huyo ni mnyama mdogo kabisa katika familia Bovidae. Madume wa spishi hiyo ndio wa pekee miongoni mwa mamalia wote kwa kuwa wana pembe nne za kudumu.
 
The height of a full-grown, full-size llama is 1.7 to 1.8&nbsp;m (5.5 to 6.0&nbsp;ft) tall at the top of the head, and can weigh between 130 and 200&nbsp;kg (280 to 450&nbsp;lb). At birth, a [[cria|baby llama]] (called a ''cria'') can weigh between 9 and 14&nbsp;kg (20 and 30&nbsp;lb). Llamas typically live for 15-25 years, with some individuals surviving 30 years or more.<ref name=Characteristics/><ref name=Facts/><ref name=FAQ/>
 
[[Picha:Emmett and evie.JPG|thumb|left|Jika na ndama wake]]
 
TheyLama arendio verywanyama socialwa animalskijamii andsana, livena withhuishi otherpamoja llamaskatika as a [[herd]]makundi. TheSufu woolya producedlama byni alaini llamasana isna very soft andhaina [[lanolinlanolini]]-free. LlamasLama arewana intelligentakili andna canhuweza learnkufundishwa simplekazi tasksrahisi afterbaada aya fewkuzirudia repetitionsmara chache. WhenWakitumia usingtandiko ala [[Backpack|pack]]mzigo, they canwanaweza carrykubeba abouttakribani 25% tohadi 30% ofya theiruzito bodywa weightmwili forwao 8–13kwa [[kilometre|km]]kusafiri (5–8kilomita [[mile]]s)8–13.<ref name="OK State"/>
 
TheJina namela ''llama'' (in the past also spelled 'lama' orlilitokea 'glama')jina wasla adoptedKingereza by"llama", [[Europeanlililochukuliwa colonizationtoka oflugha theya Americas|Europeanwenyeji settlers]] fromwa [[Indigenous people in Peru|native Peruvians]].<ref>Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, "''llama''"</ref>
 
LlamasInaonekana appearkwamba tolama havewamekuja originatedkwa fromasili thekutoka centralnyanda plains ofza [[NorthAmerika AmericaKaskazini]] abouttakribani 40miaka millionmilioni [[year]]s40 agoiliyopita. TheyWalihamia migratedAmerika toKusini Southtakribani Americamiaka aboutmilioni threetatu million years agoiliyopita. ByMwishoni themwa endzama ofya thebarafu lastya [[Quaternarymwisho glaciation|ice(miaka age]] (10,000–12,000 years agoiliyopita), camelidswanyama werewa extinctfamilia inCamelidae Northwalikuwa Americawametoweka Amerika Kaskazini.<ref name="OK State"/> As ofMnamo 2007, thereidadi wereya overlama sevenna millionalpaka llamaspamoja andilikuwa [[alpaca]]szaidi ya milioni insaba SouthAmerika AmericaKusini, andna duekutokana tona importationuingizaji fromkutoka SouthAmerika AmericaKusini inmwishoni themwa latekarne 20thya century20, theresasa arekuna nowzaidi overya lama 158,000 llamasna andalpaka 100,000 alpacas in thewanaoishi [[United StatesMarekani]] andna [[CanadaKanada]].<ref name=Numbers/>
 
== Marejeo ==
{{Commons category|Lama glama}}
 
{{mbegu-mnyama}}
{{Artiodactyla|T.}}
 
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