Tofauti kati ya marekesbisho "Maisha"

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'''Maisha''' ni [[muda]] ambao [[kiumbe hai]] anajaliwa kuishi. Ni hali tofauti kabisa na [[uzima]] wa [[milele]], kwa kuwa [[uhai]] wake una mwanzo na mwisho.
 
Hasa mwisho unasababisha maswali: kama kila chenye mwanzo kina mwisho, ya nini kuwepo kwake? Kukosa lengo, kuwepo bure, kutokuwa na maana kunamfanya mtu ajisikie mnyonge, pengine akate tamaa ya kuishi, la sivyo ajitose kufurahia mazuri yanayopatikana maishani, lakini bila uwezo wa kuondoa moyoni ule utupu wa maana unaomtia [[huzuni]] ya dhati.
[[Maana ya maisha]] ni mojawapo kati ya masuala makuu ya [[binadamu]] [[duniani]]: hawezi kukwepa maswali ya kutoka [[Moyo|moyoni]] mwake kuhusu thamani, madhumuni na umuhimu wa maisha yake.
 
Ndiyo sababu [[Maanamaana ya maisha]] ni mojawapo kati ya masuala makuu ya [[binadamu]] [[duniani]]: hawezi kukwepa maswali ya kutoka [[Moyo|moyoni]] mwake kuhusu thamani, madhumuni na umuhimu wa maisha yake.
 
Suala hilo linaweza kujitokeza kwake katika maswali mengi tofauti yanayohusiana, kama vile: "mbona tumekuwepo?"; "maisha yanahusu nini?" na "nini maana ya hayo yote? Binadamu anajiuliza maswali kama hayo hasa anapokabiliana na [[kifo]], kwa mfano msiba wa [[ndugu]] au [[rafiki]].
 
Hilo limekuwa suala kuu la [[udadisi]] wa [[sayansi]], [[falsafa]] na [[dini]] tangu zamani. Hivyo kumekuwa na [[idadi]] kubwa ya majibu kutoka asili mbalimbali kadiri ya [[itikadi]] na [[utamaduni]].
 
==Marejeo==
* [[Aristotle]], ''The Metaphysics'', translated by Hugh Lawson-Tancred, Penguin Classics, 1999, ISBN 0-14-044619-2, ISBN 978-0-14-044619-7
* [[Antoine Arnauld]] and [[Pierre Nicole]] ''Logic, or the Art of Thinking'', (known as the ''[[Port-Royal Logic]]''), translated J. Buroker, Cambridge 1996
* [[Terry Eagleton]], ''The Meaning of Life'', Oxford University Press, 2007, ISBN 0-19-921070-5 ISBN 978-0-19-921070-1
* [[Heraclitus]], ''Fragments'', James Hilton, forward, Brooks Hexton, translator, Penguin Classics, 2003, ISBN 0-14-243765-4, ISBN 978-0-14-243765-0
* Michael J. Loux, ''Ockham's Theory Of Terms'' (translation of book I of the ''Summa Logicae'' c-1327)
* [[Bryan Magee]], ''The Story of Philosophy'', Dorling Kindersley Lond. 1998, ISBN 0-7513-0590-1
* [[John Stuart Mill]], ''[[A System of Logic]]'', 8th edition 1908* [[Plato]], ''The Republic'', translated by Desmond Lee, Penguin Classics, 2003, ISBN 0-14-044914-0, ISBN 978-0-14-044914-3
* Alvin Thalheimer, ''The Meaning of the Terms: Existence and Reality.'' Princeton University Press, 1920
* C. J. F. Williams, ''What is Existence?'', Oxford University Press, 1981
 
== Viungo vya nje ==
*{{cite SEP |url-id=existence |title=Existence |last=Nelson |first=Michael|date=2012-10-11}}
* [http://www.ontology.co/existence.htm The Concept of Existence: History and Definitions from Leading Philosophers]
* [http://www.wdl.org/en/item/2983 "A Treatise on Book Titles"] is a work by [[Sayf al-Din al-Amidi]], in Arabic, about "original" and "mental existence". It dates from 1805.
 
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