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Namba changamano (kwa Kiingereza: en:complex number) ni aina ya namba ambazo zina sehemu mbili, ya kwanza ni namba halisi, na ya pili ni namba ya kufikirika tu.

Namba changamano zinatumika katika matawi yote ya hisabati, mengi ya fizikia, pia ya uhandisi, hasa wa kielektroni.

Yaliyomo

TanbihiEdit

MarejeoEdit

HisabatiEdit

HistoriaEdit

  • Burton, David M. (1995), The History of Mathematics (3rd ed.), New York: McGraw-Hill, ISBN 978-0-07-009465-9 
  • Katz, Victor J. (2004), A History of Mathematics, Brief Version, Addison-Wesley, ISBN 978-0-321-16193-2 
  • Nahin, Paul J. (1998), An Imaginary Tale: The Story of  , Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-02795-1 
    A gentle introduction to the history of complex numbers and the beginnings of complex analysis.
  • H. D. Ebbinghaus; H. Hermes; F. Hirzebruch; M. Koecher; K. Mainzer; J. Neukirch; A. Prestel; R. Remmert (1991), Numbers (hardcover ed.), Springer, ISBN 0-387-97497-0 
    An advanced perspective on the historical development of the concept of number.

MengineyoEdit

  • The Road to Reality: A Complete Guide to the Laws of the Universe, by Roger Penrose; Alfred A. Knopf, 2005; Kigezo:Isbn. Chapters 4–7 in particular deal extensively (and enthusiastically) with complex numbers.
  • Unknown Quantity: A Real and Imaginary History of Algebra, by John Derbyshire; Joseph Henry Press; Kigezo:Isbn (hardcover 2006). A very readable history with emphasis on solving polynomial equations and the structures of modern algebra.
  • Visual Complex Analysis, by Tristan Needham; Clarendon Press; Kigezo:Isbn (hardcover, 1997). History of complex numbers and complex analysis with compelling and useful visual interpretations.
  • Conway, John B., Functions of One Complex Variable I (Graduate Texts in Mathematics), Springer; 2 edition (12 September 2005). Kigezo:Isbn.

Viungo vya njeEdit

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