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Amsterdam ni mji mkuu pia mji mkubwa wa Uholanzi. Inajulikana kama mji wa mifereji mingi wenye wakazi 800,000, vyuo vikuu viwili na uwanja wa ndege wa kimataifa mkubwa wa "Schiphol".

Amsterdam
Amsterdam 4.89943E 52.37109N.jpg

Bendera

Nembo
Mahali pa Amsterdam
Mahali pa Amsterdam
Amsterdam is located in Uholanzi
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Mahali pa mji wa Amsterdam katika Uholanzi
Majiranukta: 52°22′0″N 4°54′0″E / 52.36667°N 4.9°E / 52.36667; 4.9
Nchi Uholanzi
Mkoa Noord-Holland
Serikali
 - meya Femke Halsema
Idadi ya wakazi (2010)
 - 780,152
Tovuti: amsterdam.nl

Kujisomea vitabu kufuatana na wakati wa kutolewaEdit

Vitabu vya karne ya 17-18Edit

  • Monsieur de Blainville (1757), "Amsterdam", Travels through Holland, Germany, Switzerland, but especially Italy, Translated by Turnbull, London: John Noon 
  • Joseph Marshall (1772), "Amsterdam", Travels through Holland, Flanders, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Lapland, Russia, the Ukraine, and Poland, in the years 1768, 1769, and 1770, London: Printed for J. Almon, OCLC 3354484 

Vitabu vya karne ya 19Edit

Vitabu vya karne ya 20Edit

  • (1901) "Amsterdam", Chambers's Encyclopaedia. 
  • Hamburg-Amerikanische Packetfahrt-Actien-Gesellschaft (1903), "Amsterdam", Guide through Germany, Austria-Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, France, Belgium, Holland, the United Kingdom, Spain, Portugal, &c (4th ed.), Berlin: J.H. Herz, OCLC 36795367 
  • "Amsterdam", Jewish Encyclopedia 1, New York, 1907 
  • C.B. Black (1908). "Amsterdam", Holland: its Rail, Tram, and Waterways, 3rd, London: Adam and Charles Black. 
  • (c. 1909) "Amsterdam", Guide to Holland, 5th, London: Ward, Lock and Co.. 
  • "Amsterdam", Belgium and Holland, including the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, Leipzig: Karl Baedeker, 1910, OCLC 397759 
  • "Amsterdam", Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 
  • Esther Singleton (1913), "City of Amsterdam", Great Cities of Europe, Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page 
  • W. Dougill (May 1931). "Amsterdam: Its Town Planning Development". Town Planning Review 14.
  • Ian F. Finlay (July 1953). "The Carillons of Amsterdam". Galpin Society Journal 6.
  • John Joseph Murray (1967), Amsterdam in the Age of Rembrandt, Centers of Civilization Series, USA: University of Oklahoma Press, OL 5538411M 
  • Peter Burke (1974). Venice and Amsterdam: A Study of Seventeeth- Century Elites. 
  • Robert Cohen (1987). ""Memoria Para Os Siglos Futuros": Myth and Memory on the Beginnings of the Amsterdam Sephardi Community". Jewish History 2.

Vitabu vya karne ya 21Edit

  • Angela Vanhaelen (2003), Comic Print and Theatre in Early Modern Amsterdam, Ashgate Publishing, ISBN 9780754608448 
  • Marietta Haffner; Marja Elsinga (2009). "Deadlocks and breakthroughs in urban renewal: a network analysis in Amsterdam". Journal of Housing and the Built Environment 24.
  • Liza Nell and Jan Rath, ed. (2010), Ethnic Amsterdam: immigrants and urban change in the twentieth century, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, ISBN 9789089641687 
  • (2012) in Marco De Waard: Imagining Global Amsterdam: History, Culture, and Geography in a World City. Amsterdam University Press. ISBN 9089643672. 
  • (2012) "Amsterdam", in Colum Hourihane: Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-539536-5. 

Viungo vya njeEdit

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Je unajua kitu kuhusu Amsterdam kama historia yake, biashara, taasisi zilizopo, watu au utamaduni?
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