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Aina mbalimbali za Angiospermae.

Angiospermae (yaani mimea inayochanua maua; kwa Kiingereza: angiosperms[1][2]; pia Magnoliophyta) ndilo kundi kubwa zaidi la mimea ya nchi kavu (Embryophyte) likiwa na oda 64, familia 416, jenasi 13,000 na spishi zinazojulikana 300,000 hivi.[3]

Mimea inayochanua ya zamani zaidi ilipatikana miaka milioni 160 iliyopita hivi.

TanbihiEdit

  1. Lindley, J (1830). Introduction to the Natural System of Botany. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, xxxvi. 
  2. Cantino, Philip D.; Doyle, James A.; Graham, Sean W.; Judd, Walter S.; Olmstead, Richard G.; Soltis, Douglas E.; Soltis, Pamela S.; Donoghue, Michael J. (2007). "Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta". Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44. doi:10.2307/25065865 .
  3. Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1 . http://biotaxa.org/Phytotaxa/article/download/phytotaxa.261.3.1/20598.

MarejeoEdit

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     . http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122630309/abstract. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
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  • Becker, Kenneth M. (February 1973). "A Comparison of Angiosperm Classification Systems". Taxon 22 (1): 19–50. doi:10.2307/1218032
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     . PMID 21616882
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  • Chase, Mark W.; Reveal, James L. (2009). "A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 122–127. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.01002.x
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  • Dilcher, D. (2000). "Toward a new synthesis: Major evolutionary trends in the angiosperm fossil record". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97 (13): 7030–7036. doi:10.1073/pnas.97.13.7030
     . PMC 34380
     . PMID 10860967
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      . https://www.researchgate.net/publication/275374707.
     . PMID 27064530
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  • Zeng, Liping; Zhang, Qiang; Sun, Renran; Kong, Hongzhi; Zhang, Ning; Ma, Hong (24 September 2014). "Resolution of deep angiosperm phylogeny using conserved nuclear genes and estimates of early divergence times". Nature Communications 5 (4956): 4956. doi:10.1038/ncomms5956
     . PMC 4200517
     . PMID 25249442
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Viungo vya njeEdit

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