Harakati za uhifadhi

Harakati za uhifadhi, pia hujulikana kama uhifadhi wa mazingira, ni vuguvugu la kisiasa, kimazingira, na kijamii ambalo linalenga kusimamia na kulinda maliasili, ikiwa ni pamoja na wanyama wa nchi kuvu na spishi za mimea na vile vile makazi yao kwa siku zijazo. Wahifadhi wanajali kuacha mazingira katika hali bora kuliko hali waliyoipata[1]. Uhifadhi unaotegemea ushahidi unalenga kutumia ushahidi wa kisayansi wa hali ya juu ili kufanya juhudi za uhifadhi kuwa na ufanisi zaidi.

Historia ya awaliEdit

Sylva, au Majadiliano ya Miti ya Misitu na Uenezi wa Mbao katika Enzi za Ukuu Wake, ukurasa wa kichwa cha toleo la kwanza ( mnamo mwaka 1664) Harakati za uhifadhi zinaweza kufuatiliwa nyuma hadi kwenye kazi ya John Evelyn Sylva, iliyowasilishwa kama karatasi kwa Jumuiya ya Kifalme mnamo mwaka 1662. Kilichochapishwa kama kitabu miaka miwili baadaye, kilikuwa moja ya maandishi yenye ushawishi mkubwa zaidi juu ya misitu kuchapishwa.[2]

MarejeoEdit

  1. Harding, Russ. Conservationist or Environmentalist? (en).
  2. John Evelyn, Sylva, Or A Discourse of Forest Trees ... with an Essay on the Life and Works of the Author by John Nisbet, Fourth Edition (1706), reprinted London: Doubleday & Co., 1908, V1, p. lxv; online edn, March 2007 [1], accessed 29 Dec 2012. This source (John Nisbet) states: "There can be no doubt that John Evelyn, both during his own lifetime and throughout the two centuries which have elapsed since his death in 1706, has exerted more individual influence, through his charming Sylva, ... than can be ascribed to any other individual." Nisbet adds that "Evelyn was by no means the first [author] who wrote on [forestry]. That honour belongs to Master Fitzherbert, whose Boke of Husbandrie was published in 1534" (V1, p. lxvi).