Uzalishaji

Uzalishaji (kutoka kitenzi kuzaa, kilichonyambulishwa kuwa kuzalisha) ni mchakato wa kutumia akili, ujuzi n.k. ili kufanya mali na vitu kwa jumla viongezeke kulingana na mahitaji ya binadamu, kuanzia chakula[1] The area of economics that focuses on production is referred to as production theory, which in many respects is similar to the consumption (or consumer) theory in economics.[2], badala ya kutarajia viwatoshe daima kama ilivyo katika maisha ya wawindaji-wakusanyaji wanaoendeleza utamaduni wa watu wa kale hadi miaka 10,000 hivi iliyopita.

Mavuno ya ngano kwa vifaa vya kisasa yanawatimizia wengi mahitaji ya chakula.

Ndipo wengine walipoanza shughuli za ufugaji na kilimo zilizosababisha ustaarabu uliozidi kustawi na kuenea duniani kote pamoja na namna nyingi za uchumi.

TanbihiEdit

  1. "Kotler", P., Armstrong, G., Brown, L., and Adam, S. (2006) Marketing, 7th Ed. Pearson Education Australia/Prentice Hall.
  2. Sickles, R., & Zelenyuk, V. (2019). Measurement of Productivity and Efficiency: Theory and Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781139565981

MarejeoEdit

  • Courbois, R. (1975). La methode des "Comptes de surplus" et ses applications macroeconomiques. 160 des Collect,INSEE,Serie C (35), 100. 
  • Craig, C.; Harris, R. (1973). "Total Productivity Measurement at the Firm Level". Sloan Management Review (Spring 1973): 13–28.
  • Genesca, G.E.; Grifell, T. E. (1992). "Profits and Total Factor Productivity: A Comparative Analysis". Omega. The International Journal of Management Science 20 (5/6): 553–568. doi:10.1016/0305-0483(92)90002-O
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  • Gollop, F.M. (1979). "Accounting for Intermediate Input: The Link Between Sectoral and Aggregate Measures of Productivity Growth". Measurement and Interpretation of Productivity (National Academy of Sciences).
  • Hulten, C. R. (January 2000). "Total Factor Productivity: A Short Biography". NBER Working Paper No. 7471. doi:10.3386/w7471
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  • Hulten, C. R. (September 2009). "Growth Accounting". NBER Working Paper No. 15341. doi:10.3386/w15341
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  • Loggerenberg van, B.; Cucchiaro, S. (1982). "Productivity Measurement and the Bottom Line". National Productivity Review 1 (1): 87–99. doi:10.1002/npr.4040010111
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Marejeo mengineEdit

Viungo vya njeEdit

  • Elmer G. Wiens: Production Functions - Models of the Cobb-Douglas, C.E.S., Trans-Log, and Diewert Production Functions.
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