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Polisi (kutoka neno la Kiingereza police lilikopwa kutoka Kifaransa police[1] ambalo awali lilikuwa la Kilatini politia,[2] na kabla yake tena la Kigiriki πολιτεία, politeia, "uraia, usimamizi, ustaarabu wa mjini".[3] Msingi ni neno πόλις, polis, "mji".[4]) ni idara ya serikali ambayo lengo lake ni kutekeleza sheria,[5] kulinda mali[6] kudumisha usalama na kupunguza vurugu.[7][8]

Polisi pekee inaruhusiwa kutumia nguvu katika jamii.

Kwa kawaida polisi hutofautiana na jeshi ambao kazi yao ni kulinda nchi dhidi ya wavamizi kutoka nje.

Mara nyingi polisi wanajulikana kuathiriwa na ufisadi kwa kiasi tofauti tofauti.

TanbihiEdit

  1. Police. Iliwekwa mnamo 4 February 2015.
  2. politia, Charlton T. Lewis, Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, on Perseus Digital Library
  3. πολιτεία, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
  4. πόλις, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
  5. Walker, Samuel (1977). A Critical History of Police Reform: The Emergence of Professionalism. Lexington, MT: Lexington Books, 143. ISBN 978-0-669-01292-7. 
  6. Siegel, Larry J. (2005). Criminolgy. Thomson Wadsworth, 515, 516.  Google Books Search
  7. Neocleous, Mark (2004). Fabricating Social Order: A Critical History of Police Power. Pluto Press, 93–94. ISBN 978-0-7453-1489-1. 
  8. The Role and Responsibilities of the Police. Policy Studies Institute. Iliwekwa mnamo 2009-12-22.