Maadili bawaba

Kiasi (kwa Kiingereza temperance, kutoka Kilatini temperantia; kwa Kigiriki σωφροσύνη, sofrosune) ni adili linaloratibu matumizi ya vitu, binadamu asije akatawaliwa na tamaa[1][2][3].

Mchoro wa Giotto, Kiasi, Padua, Italia.

Pamoja na falsafa[4][5][6][7], dini nyingi[8][9][10][11] na baadhi ya wanasaikolojia[12] [13]wanasifu adili hilo na kuhimiza kulitekeleza (k.mf. kwa njia ya usafi wa moyo, upole[14] na saumu[15]).

Katika Ukristo ni mojawapo kati ya maadili bawaba yanayotegemeza maadili mengine yote ya kiutu. Hasa Wakatoliki wanasisitiza usafi wa moyo na upole kama matawi muhimu zaidi ya adili la kiasi.

TanbihiEdit

  1. Niemiec, R. M. (2013). VIA character strengths: Research and practice (The first 10 years). In H. H. Knoop & A. Delle Fave (Eds.), Well-being and cultures: Perspectives on positive psychology (pp. 11–30). New York: Springer.
  2. Thomas Aquinas. Summa Theologica. Part I, Question 59, Article 4, Reply 3. Translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province. Internet Sacred Text Archive.
  3. Standridge, Paula. "Virtue of temperance can offer life balance", Understanding Our Church, Diocese of Little Rock, November 17, 2018
  4. Marcus Aurelius. Meditations. Book Seven, Translated by George Long. The Internet Classics Archive.
  5. Michel de Montaigne. Essays III. Chapter XIII, 'Of Experience', Translated by Charles Cotton. Edited by William Carew Hazlitt. Project Gutenberg.
  6. Blaise Pascal. Pensées, Section II, 69-71. Project Gutenberg.
  7. Charles Darwin. The Descent of Man, Part I, Chapter IV. 'Comparison of the Mental Powers of Man and the Lower Animals - Continued. Project Gutenberg
  8. Sanskrit translations for Self-Control English-Sanskrit Dictionary, Germany
  9. Sanskrit Words; See dama and damah
  10. Harvey, P. (1990). An introduction to Buddhism: Teaching, history and practices. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
  11. M.R.P. Vijaya (1951). Śramana Bhagavān Mahāvira: pt. 1. Sthavirāvali. Śri Jaina Siddhanta Society, 120. 
  12. Peterson & Seligman, M.E.P. (2004). Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  13. Seligman, Martin (2004). Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification. American Psychological Association / Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195167016. 
  14. Schwarzer, Ralf (2012). Personality, human development, and culture : international perspectives on psychological science. Hove: Psychology, 127–129. ISBN 978-0-415-65080-9. 
  15. Green, Joel (2011). Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics. Grand Rapids, Mich: Baker Academic, 769. ISBN 978-0-8010-3406-0. 

Viungo vya njeEdit

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