Katika ramani hii ya Italia lugha za Kiumbria zinaonyeshwa kwa rangi ya kijivu na kijivu kilichokolea.

Lugha za Kiumbria ni jina la kundi la lugha za kale zilizotumika hasa katikati na kusini mwa rasi ya Italia. Kundi hilo linaainishwa kama mojawapo kati ya yale ya lugha za Kihindi-Kiulaya.

Zote zilikoma kufikia mwanzo wa milenia ya 1 BK kwa kuzidiwa na Kilatini.

ChanzoEdit

  • Villar, Francisco (1997). Gli Indoeuropei e le origini dell'Europa (in Italian). ISBN 88-15-05708-0. 

Marejeo mengineEdit

  • Adams, Douglas Q., and James P. Mallory. 1997. "Italic languages." In The encyclopedia of Indo-European culture. Edited by James P. Mallory and Douglas Q. Adams, 314–19. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn.
  • Baldi, Philip. 2002. The foundations of Latin. Berlin: de Gruyter.
  • Beeler, Madison S. 1952. "The relation of Latin and Osco-Umbrian." Language 28: 435–43.
  • ————. 1966. "The interrelationships within Italic." In Ancient Indo-European dialects: Proceedings of the Conference on Indo-European Linguistics held at the University of California, Los Angeles, April 25–27, 1963. Edited by Henrik Birnbaum and Jaan Puhvel, 51–58. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
  • Buck, Carl Darling. 1928. A grammar of Oscan and Umbrian, with a collection of inscriptions and a glossary. 2nd edition. Boston: Ginn.
  • Clackson, James. 2015. "Subgrouping in the Sabellian Branch of Indo‐European." Transactions of the Philological Society 113 (1): 4–37.
  • Coleman, Robert. 1986. "The Central Italic languages in the period of the Roman expansion." Transactions of the Philological Society 84(1): 100–131.
  • de Vaan, Michiel. 2008. Etymological dictionary of Latin and the other Italic languages. Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series 7. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
  • Dupraz, Emmanuel. 2012. Sabellian Demonstratives: Forms and Functions. Leiden: Brill.
  • Mercado, Angelo. 2012. Italic Verse: A Study of the Poetic Remains of Old Latin, Faliscan, and Sabellic. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen der Universität Innsbruck.
  • Poultney, James. 1951. "Volscians and Umbrians." American Journal of Philology 72: 113–27.
  • Tikkanen, Karin. 2009. A comparative grammar of Latin and the Sabellian languages: The system of case syntax. PhD diss., Uppsala Univ.
  • Weiss, Michael L. 2010. Language and Ritual In Sabellic Italy: The Ritual Complex of the Third and the Fourth Tabulae Iguvinae. Leiden: Brill.
  • Woodard, Roger D. 2008. The Ancient Languages of Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  Makala hii kuhusu mambo ya lugha bado ni mbegu.
Je, unajua kitu kuhusu Lugha za Kiumbria kama historia yake, uenezi au maendeleo yake?
Labda unaona habari katika Wikipedia ya Kiingereza au lugha nyingine zinazofaa kutafsiriwa?
Basi unaweza kuisaidia Wikipedia kwa kuihariri na kuongeza habari.