Papa Formosus (takriban 8164 Aprili 896) alikuwa Papa kuanzia tarehe 6 Oktoba, 891 hadi kifo chake[1]. Kabla ya hapo alikuwa askofu wa jimbo la Porto, Lazio, Italia[2].

Papa Formosus.
Papa Stefano VI akilaumu maiti ya Papa Formosus walivyochorwa na Jean-Paul Laurens mwaka 1870.

Alimfuata Papa Stefano V akafuatwa na Papa Boniface VI.

Maiti yake ilichimbuliwa na kunajisiwa na Papa Stefano VI katika Sinodi ya Maiti kwa sababu za kisiasa.

Tazama pia

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Tanbihi

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Marejeo

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  • Brusher, Joseph (1959). "Sergius III". Popes Through the Ages. Neff-Kane. Ilihifadhiwa kwenye nyaraka kutoka chanzo mnamo 1 Februari 2008. Iliwekwa mnamo 2 Januari 2008.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Darras, Joseph-Epiphane (1898). A General History of the Catholic Church. Juz. 2. New York: Excelsior Catholic Publishing House. Iliwekwa mnamo 31 Januari 2018.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Gregorovius, Ferdinand (1903). The History of the City of Rome in the Middle Ages. Juz. 3 (toleo la 2nd). London: George Bell & Sons.
  • Kirsch, Johann Peter (1909). "Pope Formosus". In Herbermann, Charles G.; Pace, Edward A.; Pallen, Condé B. et al.. Catholic Encyclopedia. 6. New York: Encyclopedia Press. 1913. pp. 139–141. This article incorporates text from this public-domain publication.
  • Mann, Horace K. (1906). The Lives of the Popes In The Early Middle Ages. Juz. 3. London: Keegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co. Iliwekwa mnamo 1 Februari 2018.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  •  ———  (1910). The Lives of the Popes In The Early Middle Ages. Juz. 4. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, & Co. Iliwekwa mnamo 8 Januari 2008.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Miley, John (1850). The History of the Papal States From Their Origin to the Present Day. Juz. 2. London: T.C. Newby. Iliwekwa mnamo 1 Februari 2018.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Milman, Henry Hart (1867). History of Latin Christianity. Juz. 3 (toleo la 4th). London: John Murray.
  • Mosheim, Johann Lorenz von (1852). Institutes of Ecclesiastical History, Ancient and Modern. Juz. 2. Ilitafsiriwa na Murdock, James (toleo la 5th). New York: Stanford and Swords. Iliwekwa mnamo 8 Januari 2008.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Platina, B. (1479). The Lives of the Popes from the Time of Our Saviour Jesus Christ to the Accession of Gregory VII. Juz. 1. London: Griffith Farran & Co. Iliwekwa mnamo 8 Januari 2008.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  • Wickham, Chris (2014). Medieval Rome: Stability and Crisis of a City, 900–1150. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-103090-1.

Marejeo mengine

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  • Bautz, Friedrich Wilhelm (1990). "Formosus, Papst". In Bautz, Friedrich Wilhelm (in de). Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon. 2. Hamm, Germany: Bautz. cols. 70–71. ISBN 978-3-88309-032-0
      . http://www.bbkl.de/f/formosus_p.shtml.

Viungo vya nje

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