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Junipero Serra alipokuwa na umri wa miaka 61 (1774).

Junipero Serra, O.F.M. (jina la kiraia lilikuwa Miquel Josep Serra i Ferrer) alikuwa mtawa, padri na mmisionari wa Kanisa Katoliki. Alizaliwa Petra, Majorca, Hispania, tarehe 24 Novemba 1713, akafariki katika misheni ya San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo, California, Nueva Espana, leo nchini Marekani, tarehe 28 Agosti 1784.

Alitangazwa na Papa Yohane Paulo II kuwa mwenye heri tarehe 25 Septemba 1988, halafu na Papa Fransisko kuwa mtakatifu tarehe 23 Septemba 2015.[1]

Sikukuu yake huadhimishwa tarehe 1 Julai.[2]

Sanamu ya Junípero Serra akiwa na Juaneño, mtoto Mwindio), Havana, Cuba.

Alianzisha misheni moja katika Baja California na nyingine 9 kati ya 21 za kwanza kati ya San Diego na San Francisco, Marekani. Walengwa wakuu wa misheni hizo walikuwa Waindio.

Yaliyomo

Tazama piaEdit

Maandishi yakeEdit

  • Writings of Junípero Serra, ed. and trans. by Antonine Tibesar, 4 vols. (Washington, D.C,. 1955-66).

TanbihiEdit

  1. Pope to Canonize ‘Evangelizer of the West’ During U.S. Trip. National Catholic Register. Iliwekwa mnamo 21 January 2015.
  2. Patron Saints and their feast days. Iliwekwa mnamo 15 June 2015.

MarejeoEdit

  • Castillo, Elias (2015). A Cross of Thorns: The Enslavement of California's Indians by the Spanish Missions. Quill Driver Books. 
  • Clifford, Christian (2015). Saint Junípero Serra: Making Sense of the History and Legacy. CreateSpace. 
  • Cook, Sherburne Friend (1976-10-28). The conflict between the California Indian and white civilization. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03142-5. ; Cook did not discuss Serra but looked at the missions as a system
  • Deverell, William Francis (2008-10-31). A Companion to California History. John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978-1-4051-6183-1. 
  • Fitch, Abigail Hetzel (1914). Junipero Serra: The Man and His Work. 
  • Fogel, Daniel (1988-02-01). Junipero Serra, the Vatican, and Enslavement Theology. ISM Press. 
  • Geiger, Maynard J. The Life and Times of Fray Junipero Serra, OFM (2 vol 1959) 8 leading scholarly biography
  • Geiger, Maynard. "Fray Junípero Serra: Organizer and Administrator of the Upper California Missions, 1769-1784," California Historical Society Quarterly (1963) 42#3 pp 195-220.
  • Gleiter, Jan (1991). Junipero Serra. 
  • Guest, Francis P. "Junipero Serra and His Approach to the Indians," Southern California Quarterly, (1985) 67#3 pp 223-261; favorable to Serra
  • Hackel, Steven W. "The Competing Legacies of Junípero Serra: Pioneer, saint, villain," Common-Place (2005) 5#2
  • Hackel, Steven W. Junípero Serra: California's Founding Father (2013)
  • Hackel, Steven W. Children of Coyote, Missionaries of St. Francis: Indian-Spanish Relations in Colonial California, 1769-1850 (2005)
  • Sandos, James A. (2004). Converting California: Indians and Franciscans in the Missions. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-10100-3. 
  • Luzbetak, Lewis J. "If Junipero Serra Were Alive: Missiological-Anthropological Theory Today," Americas, (1985) 42: 512-19, argues that Serra's intense commitment to saving the souls of the Indians would qualify him as an outstanding missionary by 20th century standards.
  • Orfalea, Gregory (2014). Journey to the Sun: Junipero Serra's Dream and the Founding of California. Scribner. ISBN 978-1-4516-4272-8. 

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