Pate ni kisiwa kikubwa cha funguvisiwa la Lamu mbele ya pwani ya Kenya katika Bahari Hindi. Pate ni kisiwa ambacho ni karibu na Somalia.

Ramani ya kisiwa cha Pate (Kenya)

Wakati ya maji kujaa Pate inagawanywa katika sehemu mbili kwa mtaro wa bahari karibu na Siyu; wakati wa maji kupwa mtaro huwa pakavu.

Pate ilikuwa kati ya mahali pa kwanza kutembelewa na wafanyabiashara Waarabu, labda kuanzia karne ya 7 BK. Inawezekana ilikuwa tayari kati ya mahali palipotajwa katika taarifa za kale kuhusu Azania kama vile Periplus ya Bahari ya Eritrea.

Kisiwa cha Pate kilikuwa mahali pa miji muhimu ya Waswahili Pate, Siyu na Faza iliyoshindana na mji wa Lamu juu ya kipaumbele katika funguvisiwa.

Katika karne ya 19 umuhimu wa miji hiyo ilirudi nyuma na kisiwa kilikuwa sehemu ya dola la Usultani wa Zanzibar.

Siku hizi Faza ni kijiji kikubwa cha Pate chenye hospitali ndogo, polisi, nyumba ya wageni, shule ya sekondari na maduka.

Mwaka 2004 palikuwa na gari moja tu kisiwani, yaani gari la hospitali.

Tazama pia hariri

Tanbihi hariri

Marejeo hariri

Marejeo mengine hariri

  • Allen, J. de V. (1979) Siyu in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Transafrican journal of History 8 (2), pp. 1–35,
  • Allen, James de Vere: Lamu, with an appendix on Archaeological finds from the region of Lamu by H. Neville Chittick. Nairobi: Kenya National Museums.
  • Stanley, Henry Edward John (1866). A Description of the Coasts of East Africa and Malabar: In the Beginning of Sixteenth century by Duarte Barbosa. Printed for the Hakluyt Society.  (from about 1517: p. 15)
  • Barros, João de (1778): Da Asia de João de Barros e de Diogo de Couto v.2 pt.1 Chapter 2: p. 15 ff (referenced in Freeman-Grenville 1962, 83–84 181)
  • Brown, H. (1985) History of Siyu: the development and decline of a Swahili town on the northern Swahili coast. Unpublished PhD thesis, Indiana University.
  • Brown, H. (1988) Siyu: town of the craftsmen. Azania 26, pp 1–4.
  • Burton, Richard Francis (1872). Zanzibar: city, island, and coast 2. London: Tinsley brothers.  (start: p.458 Patta, resume: pp. 505, Notes: p. 517)
  • Freeman-Grenville (1962) The East-African coast: select documents from the first to the earlier nineteenth century. London: Oxford University Press.
  • Kirkman, James: Men and Monuments on the East African Coast .
  • King'ei Kitula: Mwana Kupona: Poetess from Lamu, ISBN 9966-951-05-9, Sasa Sema Publications, 2000.
  • Strandes, Justus: The Portuguese Period in East Africa.
  • Tolmacheva, Marina; Weiler, Dagmar (translator): The Pate Chronicle: Edited and Translated from Mss 177, 321, 344, and 358 of the Library of the University of Dar Es Salaam (African Historical Sources) ISBN 0-87013-336-5
  • Werner, A; Hichens, W: The Advice of Mwana Kupona upon The Wifely Duty, Azania Press, 1934.