Elizabeth Talford Scott

Elizabeth Talford Scott (7 Februari 1916 - 25 Aprili 2011) alikuwa msanii wa Marekani, anayejulikana kwa kazi zake za ufumaji.

Elizabeth Talford Scott
Jina la kuzaliwa Elizabeth Talford Scott
Alizaliwa 07-02-1916
Alikufa 25-04-2011
Nchi Baltimore
Kazi yake Mfumaji, msanii
Watoto Joyce J. Scott

Maisha ya awaliEdit

Elizabeth Caldwell alizaliwa na Mary Jane na Samuel Caldwell, karibu na Chester, South Carolina, ambapo familia yake iliishi kama wafugaji kwenye shamba la Blackstock, kwenye ardhi ambayo babu na bibi yake walikuwa watumwa.[1][2] Alikuwa wa sita kati ya watoto kumi na wanne (kaka saba na dada saba) akiwa wa tatu wa kike.[3] Elizabeth alikulia katika familia ya mafundi ambao walifanya ufinyanzi, uchakataji wa chuma, vikapu, ushonaji. Walikuwa pia wasimulizi wa hadithi. Wazazi wake wote wawili walitengeneza shada, na Elizabeth alijifunza kufuma akiwa na umri wa miaka 9.[4] Baba yake alikuwa mfanyakazi wa reli ambaye alikusanya mabaki ya vitambaa katika safari zake, na alivipaka rangi kwa kutumia rangi za asili ambazo alitengeneza kutoka kwa matunda na udongo.[5] Mnamo 1940, wakati wa Uhamaji Mkubwa, Elizabeth alihamia kaskazini kwenda Baltimore, Maryland ili kuepuka ubaguzi na kutafuta fursa kubwa za kiuchumi.

KaziEdit

Huko Baltimore, Elizabeth Talford Scott alifanya kazi kwa masaa mengi kama mtumishi wa nyumbani, mfanyakazi wa ndani, na mpishi, na akaacha kufuma kuanzia mnamo 1940 hadi mnamo 1970. Baada ya kustaafu kazi hizi zingine, Elizabeth alianza kazi tena, na mapema aliendeleza mtindo wake wa kipekee ambao uliongezeka juu ya utaftaji wa jadi ambao alikuwa amejifunza kutoka kwa familia yake.[6] Mbali na kazi ya vipande, mara nyingi ufumaji huu mpya ulijumuisha mapambo, kazi ya shanga, vito, nyavu za plastiki na vitu vilivyopatikana kama vile mawe, vifungo na susu. Mifumo yake ilibadilika na kuwa yenye uzito, mara nyingi hazifikiriwi na zenye usawa, na marejeleo ya mila ya kifamilia, hadithi za kibinafsi, na mazingira ya vijijini ya utoto wake.[7] Elizabeth mara kwa mara aliwasilisha warsha na maandamano, na mara nyingi alishirikiana na binti yake, msanii Joyce J. Scott, kuwaelimisha wanafunzi kuhusu ufundi wake.[4] Mifumo ya Elizabeth Talford Scott ilionyeshwa katika Chuo cha Sanaa Bora cha Pennsylvania,[8] Jumba la Sanaa la Walters,[9] Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa la Baltimore,[10] na huko New York kwenye Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa za Kibiblia,[11] Jumba la kumbukumbu la Studio ya Harlem, Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa ya Watu wa Marekani, na Jumba la Sanaa la Metropolitan.[12]

Mnamo 1987, Scott alipokea Tuzo ya Mafanikio ya  Women's Caucus for Art Lifetime. Mnamo 1990, Elizabeth na binti yake walishirikishwa kwenye filamu ya The Silver Needle: The Legacy of Elizabeth and Joyce Scott.[13] Mnamo 1998, Chuo cha Sanaa cha Maryland kilikuwa na kumbukumbu ya kazi ya Scott, Eyewinkers, Tumbleturds na Candlebugs:The Art of Elizabeth Talford Scott, ambayo ilisimamiwa na George Ciscle. Maonyesho hayo yalisafiri hadi Jumba la kumbukumbu la Jamii la Anacostia la Smithsonian,[14] Kituo cha Kusini-Mashariki cha Sanaa ya Kisasa[15] na Jumba la kumbukumbu la New England Quilt.[16]

Kazi ya Elizabeth Talford Scott zinaweza kupatikana katika makusanyo kadhaa ya kibinafsi na makumbusho ikiwa ni pamoja na Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa la Baltimore, Jumba la Sanaa la Delaware, Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa la Philbrook, na kwenye maonyesho kwenye ghala la kisasa la Goya huko Baltimore, MD

Maisha ya binafsi na urithiEdit

Mnamo 1940 wakati wa kuhamia Baltimore, Elizabeth Caldwell alikutana na kuolewa na Charlie Scott, Jr. kutoka Durham, NC. [3] Walikuwa na binti mmoja, msanii Joyce J. Scott. Wakati Joyce alikuwa na miaka kumi na mbili, Elizabeth na Charlie walitengana.[2] Charlie Scott Jr. alikufa mnamo 2005. Elizabeth na Joyce waliendelea kuishi pamoja huko Baltimore hadi kifo cha Elizabeth akiwa na umri wa miaka 95 mnamo 2011.

MarejeoEdit

  1. Mack, Angela D. (2008). Landscape of Slavery: The Plantation in American Art (in en). Univ of South Carolina Press. ISBN 978-1-57003-720-7. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Sims, Lowery Stokes (2018). Joyce J. Scott: Harriet Tubman and other truths. ISBN 978-0-9665644-8-8. OCLC 1026351878. 
  3. Scott, Elizabeth Talford (1998). Eyewinkers, Tumbleturds and Candlebugs: The Art of Elizabeth Talford Scott (in en). Maryland Institute, College of Art. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Oral history interview with Joyce J. Scott, 2009 July 22. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
  5. The making of an African-American quilt - ProQuest (en). search.proquest.com. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  6. Scott, Elizabeth; Ciscle, George (1998). "Curator's Statement". Eyewinkers, Tumbleturds and Candlebugs: The Art of Elizabeth Talford Scott. Baltimore: Maryland Institute, College of Art. p. 9.
  7. Folk Realities and Bourgeois Fantasies: Four - ProQuest (en). search.proquest.com. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  8. Archives | The Philadelphia Inquirer (en-US). https://www.inquirer.com. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  9. The Walters Art Museum (en). The Avenue News. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  10. Archives | The Philadelphia Inquirer (en-US). https://www.inquirer.com. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  11. Ashe to Amen - ProQuest (en). search.proquest.com. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  12. Reality, Times Two: Joyce J. Scott & Elizabeth Talford Scott. Baltimore, MD: Goya Contemporary Gallery. 2019.
  13. The Silver Needle: The Legacy of Elizabeth and Joyce Scott, Osiris Productions; broadcast on Maryland Public Television and exhibited in The Definitive Contemporary American Quilt at Steinbaum Krauss Gallery, New York, NY and Baltimore Museum of Art, MD.
  14. "Elizabeth Talford Scott at Anacostia Museum (1988).", The Capital, 1998-11-13: 63, retrieved 2021-03-30 
  15. SECCA - Sept'99. www.carolinaarts.com. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.
  16. Preview unavailable - ProQuest (en). search.proquest.com. Iliwekwa mnamo 2021-03-30.