Papa Zakaria

Papa Zakaria alikuwa Papa kuanzia tarehe 3 Desemba 741 hadi kifo chake tarehe 15 Machi 752[1]. Alitokea Ugiriki[2] au Santa Severina, Calabria, Italia, labda akiwa na asili ya Balkani.

Mt. Zakaria Papa.

Jina la baba yake lilikuwa Polichronios.

Alimfuata Papa Gregori III akafuatwa na Papa Stefano II[3].

Anasifiwa sana na wanahistoria mbalimbali kwa jinsi alivyokabili vizuri mazingira magumu na ya hatari[4].

Alifaulu kupatana na Walombardi walioteka sehemu kubwa ya Italia[5] , alimhimiza Pipino Mfupi kujifanya rasmi mfalme wa Wafaranki[6], aliunga mkono umisionari wa Bonifas huko Ujerumani[7], alipinga sera ya kaisari Konstantino V dhidi ya picha takatifu[6], alidhibiti mwelekeo wa kutunga majina kwa malaika[8] na alikataza biashara ya watumwa mjini Roma akiwakomboa waliokwisha kuletwa[5][9][10].

Tangu kale anaheshimiwa na Wakatoliki na Waorthodoksi kama mtakatifu.

Sikukuu yake huadhimishwa tarehe 15 Machi[11].

Tazama piaEdit

Maandishi yakeEdit

TanbihiEdit

  1. https://www.vatican.va/content/vatican/en/holy-father.index.html#holy-father
  2. https://www.vatican.va/content/vatican/en/holy-father.index.html#holy-father
  3. His elected successor, Stephen, died within days, and Zachary was finally succeeded by Pope Stephen II
  4. Church historian Johann Peter Kirsch said of Zachary: "In a troubled era Zachary proved himself to be an excellent, capable, vigorous, and charitable successor of Peter." Peter Partner called Zachary a skilled diplomat, "perhaps the most subtle and able of all the Roman pontiffs, in this dark corridor in which the Roman See hovered just inside the doors of the Byzantine world." Cfr. Partner, Peter. The Lands of St. Peter: The Papal State in the Middle Ages and the Early Renaissance, University of California Press, 1972, p. 17], ISBN 9780520021815
  5. 5.0 5.1 Butler, Alban (1866). "Zachary, Pope and Confessor". The Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints. III. Dublin: James Duffy. http://www.bartleby.com/210/3/152.html.
  6. 6.0 6.1   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Zacharias, St". Encyclopædia Britannica. 20 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 950.
  7. Wansbrough OSB, Henry. "St. Boniface, Monk and Missioner", Prayer and Thought in Monastic Tradition: Essays in Honour of Benedicta Ward SLG, (Santha Bhattacharji, Dominic Mattos, Rowan Williams, eds.), A&C Black, 2014, p. 133, ISBN|9780567082954
  8. Assigning Names to Angels – ZENIT – English (en-US) (September 2015).
  9. (3 Jul 2014) Spiritual Rationality: Papal Embargo as Cultural Practice. Oxford University Press, 28. ISBN 9780191009235. 
  10. Annali d'Italia: Dall'anno 601 dell'era volare fino all'anno 840, by Lodovico Antonio Muratori, Giuseppe Catalani, Monaco (1742); page 298.
  11. Martyrologium Romanum

MarejeoEdit

Viungo vya njeEdit

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