Mtakatifu Ireneo

Mtakatifu Ireneo (kwa Kigiriki: Εἰρηναῖος, Eirēnaios 130 hivi – 202 hivi) alikuwa askofu wa pili wa mji wa Lyon, leo nchini Ufaransa, aliyewajibika kueneza Ukristo katika eneo hilo lote.

Mt. Irenaeus, Askofu wa Lyon.

Zaidi ya hayo, alistawisha teolojia kwa kupinga uzushi hata kwa maandishi bora[1] ya Kigiriki, lugha mama yake.

Ametambuliwa tangu kale kuwa mtakatifu kama mfiadini. Tarehe 21 Januari 2022 Papa Fransisko alimuongezea sifa ya "mwalimu wa Kanisa" [2]

Sikukuu yake ni tarehe 28 Juni[3].

MaishaEdit

Ireneo alizaliwa yapata mwaka 130 akalelewa Kikristo katika mji wa Smirna (leo İzmir nchini Uturuki), akiwa mwanafunzi wa Mt. Polikarpo aliyekuwa askofu wa mji huo baada ya kuwa mfuasi wa Mtume Yohane.

Mwaka 177, baada ya kuhamia Ufaransa, Ireneo alipata upadrisho huko Lyons, na baada ya kutumwa kidogo Roma kama mjiumbe kwa Papa, akinusurika hivyo kuuawa katika dhuluma dhidi ya Wafiadini wa Lyon, aliteuliwa kuwa askofu wa hapo baada ya Potinus[4].

Ni muhimu kwa juhudi zake za kupigania umoja wa Kanisa dhidi ya uzushi, akisisitiza umuhimu wa mlolongo wa kitume wa maaskofu, akitoa kama mfano orodha ya wale wa Kanisa la Roma baada ya Mtume Petro. Alidai makanisa yalingane na imani ya Kanisa hilo. Hata hivyo alimsihi Papa Vikta I asiwatenga na Kanisa Wakristo wa Asia Ndogo kwa sababu tu ya tofauti za kiliturujia[5].

Katika maandishi yake alijitahidi sana kutetea imani ya Kanisa Katoliki inayotegemea mapokeo ya Mitume wa Yesu[6] dhidi ya mafundisho ya Wagnosi yaliyotegemea ujuzi ambao yeyote alidai kuwa nao akianzisha kikundi chake.

Ni wa kwanza pia kushuhudia Injili nne kuwa Neno la Mungu.

Kwa mujibu wa mapokeo, aliifia dini yake mnamo mwaka 200.

Tazama piaEdit

TanbihiEdit

  1. His best-known work is Adversus Haereses, a refutation of gnosticism, in particular that of Valentinus. To counter the doctrines of the gnostic sects claiming secret wisdom, he offered three pillars of orthodoxy: the scriptures, the tradition handed down from the apostles, and the teaching of the apostles' successors. Intrinsic to his writing is that the surest source of Christian guidance is the Church of Rome, and he is the earliest surviving witness to regard all four of the now-canonical gospels as essential.
  2. http://www.causesanti.va/it/notizie/notizie-2022/decreto-del-santo-padre-per-il-conferimento-del-titolo-di-dottor.html
  3. Martyrologium Romanum
  4. Book V Chapter 4, Section 1
  5. Book V Chapter 24, Section 1ff
  6. Irenaeus cited the New Testament approximately 1,000 times. About one third of his citations are made to Paul's letters.

MarejeoEdit

  • (1885) The Ante-Nicene Fathers. Buffalo, NY: The Christian Literature Company. 
  • Eusebius (1932). The Ecclesiastical History, Kirsopp Lake and John E.L. Oulton, trans, New York: Putnam. 
  • Hägglund, Bengt (1968). History of Theology, Gene J.Lund, trans, St. Louis: Concordia Publishing. 
  • Minns, Denis (1994). Irenaeus. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. ISBN 0878405534. 
  • Payton Jr., James R. Irenaeus on the Christian Faith: A Condensation of 'Against Heresies' (Cambridge, James Clarke and Co Ltd, 2012).
  • Quasten, J. (1960). Patrology: The Beginnings of Patristic Literature. Westminster, MD: Newman Press. 
  • Schaff, Philip (1980). History of the Christian Church: Ante-Nicene Christianity, A.D. 100-325. Grand Rapids, Mich: Eerdmans. ISBN 0802880479. 
  • Tyson, Joseph B. (1973). A Study of Early Christianity. New York: Macmillan. 
  • Wolfson, Henry Austryn (1970). The Philosophy of the Church Fathers: Faith, Trinity, Incarnation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 

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